Articles on Nagorno-Karabakh, alphabetized by author and title


Unlike the bibliographies of pamphlets and books, this bibliography of articles is a bit more up-to-date, being freshly downloaded from our database. Because it is so long (1056 entries and 119k), only one author has been listed for each item.

Please note that those articles entitled "Karabagh" and dated 1988 are not actually entitled as such. For reasons I am not aware of, that was done as a type of shorthand in 1988 and 1989.

Also note that there is an active link to one of the two articles by George Bouroutian.

Articles with no author
"1 Armenian killed in Soviet ethnic clash," Japan Times (Sept 21, 1988).

"1,500 reported dead in Armenian riots," Detroit News Detroit (Mar 11, 1988).

"100 Die in Ethnic Clashes in Azerbaijan," New York Times National (Apr 12, 1992).

"12 Killed in Explosion In a Baku Rail Station," New York Times National (Mar 20, 1994).

"16 injuries reported in new Armenian riots," Free Press Detroit (June 21, 1988).

"2 Caucasus Regions Sinking Deeper Into Civil War," New York Times National (July 6, 1993).

"2 Die in Ethnic Riot in Soviet Enclave," Chicago Tribune Chicago (July 12, 1989).

"25 injured in ethnic battles," Free Press Detroit (sept 20 1988).

"28 reported dead as Georgia shells enclave," New York Times National (June 29, 1992).

"44 killed in fighting over former Soviet region," Detroit News Detroit (Aug 17, 1992).

"A civilian helicopter was shot down over the disputed enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, killing about 40 people, according to reports from the area," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Jan 29, 1992).

"A crowd gathers in Yerevan, in the Soviet republic of Armenia, on Sunday to view the body of an Armenian killed in fighting last week between Armenians and Azerbaijanis.," Free Press Detroit (Jan 22,1990).

"A draft cease-fire was reached by Azerbaijani and Armenian delegates to stop fighting over the disputed enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, according to the official news agencies of Iran and Russia.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Mar 16, 1992).

"A Family weep in Agdam, Azerbaijan, yesterday, embracing the coffin of one of the victims killed in Nagorno-Karabakh.," Financial Times (Mar 6, 1992).

"A general strike in Soviet Armenia was winding down, according to Radio Moscow, while Armenian activists in Moscow protested the crushing of a demonstrations in Yerevan last week.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (July 11, 1988).

"A hero of our time," The Economist (Feb 12, 1994).

"A mess on a map," The Economist (Sept 28, 1991).

"A new cease-fire took effect in the ethnic conflict between Moldova and Russian-speaking separatists, though both sides accused each other of violating the truce," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (July 9, 1992).

"A Soviet government newspaper said a general strike in support of demands for annexation of a predominantly Armenian region of Azerbaijan has spread throughout Soviet Armenia.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (July 8, 1988).

"A Soviet military commander said it might be possible to lift a curfew imposed after violent ethnic clashes in Azerbaijan, and expressed hope that troops could begin pulling out in about two weeks.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Feb 2, 1990).

"A truce for troubled enclave," Detroit News Detroit (Apr 9, 1993).

"A truce was reported between the former Soviet republics of Armenia and Azerbaijan, which have been battling for control of disputed region," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Feb 27, 1992).

"Activities Say 12 Arrested at Christmas Celebration," Associated Press (Jan 9, 1989).

"Aliev's domain," The Economist (April 10, 1993).

"America's Caucasus Opening," Washington Post (Aug 8, 1994).

"An appeal to Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze," New York Times National (Sept 21, 1989).

"An Azerbaijani man mourns the death of his brother outside the ruins of their house in Agham in the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh yesterday.," Financial Times (Mar 19, 1992).

"An elite Soviet police team has been sent to the republic of Azerbaijan to track down participants in recent ethnic rioting, which left 32 people dead in the city of Sumgait, according to an official....," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Mar 11, 1988).

"Appeal made to Moscow," Free Press Detroit (Apr 1, 1988).

"Armed Armenian villagers seized eight more members of a Soviet Interior Ministry military unit in Azerbaijan," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Aug 16, 1991).

"Armenia Accused Of Major Attack," New York Times National (Apr 5, 1993).

"Armenia and Azerbaijan Accept Plan to End Battles Over Enclave," New York Times National (May 27, 1993).

"Armenia and Azerbaijan agreed to attend a peace conference sponsored by the 51-nation Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe and to invite a negotiator from the disputed enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Mar 25, 1992).

"Armenia and Azerbaijan Pact To End Battle for 2 Months," New York Times National (Sept 24, 1992).

"Armenia and Azerbaijan took a step toward resolving their battle for control of the mountainous enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh by agreeing that an immediate cease-fire was needed.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Feb 21, 1992).

"Armenia Captures Strategic Sites In Battle Over Caucasus Enclaves," New York Times National (Apr 12, 1992).

"Armenia declared a state of emergency because of a worsening economic situation caused by an Azerbaijani blockade, according to a broadcast by Armenian radio.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Mar 19, 1992).

"Armenia protesters warned as airlift troops patrol capitol," Times London (sept 23 1988).

"Armenia ready to meet demands of CSCE Minsk group," The British Broadcasting Corporation/Summary of World Broadcasts (June 25, 1993).

"Armenia remains outside remit," Financial Times (June 21, 1991).

"Armenia scores major victory," Detroit News Detroit (Apr 4, 1993).

"Armenia Seeks Help in Fighting Azerbaijan," New York Times National (July 21, 1992).

"Armenia strike fizzles," Free Press Detroit (July 22, 1988).

"Armenia's Extremity," Christian Science Monitor (Feb 8, 1993).

"Armenia's president accused Azerbaijan of invading his country and urged other members of the Commonwealth of Independent States to provide political of military assistance to prevent all-out war," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Aug 11, 1992).

"Armenia, Azerbaijan Agree To Accept Peacekeepers," Free Press Detroit (Mar 3, 1993).

"Armenia, Azerbaijan agree to halt war for a week," Free Press Detroit (Mar 20, 1992).

"Armenia, Azerbaijan resume battle after 8 quiet months," Free Press Detroit (Mar 8, 1995).

"Armenia, Azerbaijan sign cease-fire pact," Free Press Detroit (Sept 24, 1992).

"Armenian activists called a general strike in the Soviet republic over a territorial dispute with Azerbaijan, and Isvestia confirmed that the airport in Yerevan had been closed.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (July 6, 1988).

"Armenian activists said Soviet troops killed as many as five people in putting down a protest at Yerevan's airport.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (July 7, 1988).

"Armenian Advance Is Stopped," Free Press Detroit (April 7, 1993).

"Armenian cease-fire OK'd," Free Press Detroit (Feb 19, 1994).

"Armenian Dispute Flares Anew," New York Times National (Nov 23, 1988).

"Armenian factories hum anew," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (July 25, 1988).

"Armenian Leader Quits," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Jan 21, 1989).

"Armenian Paper Charges Riots Were Genocide," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Nov 6, 1988).

"Armenian Party Discusses 'Grass Roots' Activity," FBIS Report (Oct 2, 1989).

"Armenian Says 10 Hostage Officers Will Be Freed," New York Times National (Mar 12, 1992).

"Armenian streets empty," Free Press Detroit (Mar 27, 1988).

"Armenian Terrorism," Christian Science Monitor (June 1, 1988).

"Armenian troops attack," Free Press Detroit (Aug 16, 1993).

"Armenian troops consolidated their control over Azerbaijan's western Kelbajar region in a significant turn in the five-Year-old war for control of the Nagorno-Karabakh enclave," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Apr 5, 1993).

"Armenian troops drove Azerbaijani forces from a town near the Iranian border in a move that threatens to cut off the southewestern corner of Azerbaijan and risks angering Tehran," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Aug 24, 1993).

"Armenian Units Press Attack in Azerbaijan," New York Times National (June 17, 1993).

"Armenian Unrest," Detroit News Detroit (July 6, 1988).

"Armenian Update," Zoryan Institute Cambridge, MA (various).

"Armenians bow to pressure, end strike," Free Press Detroit (July 26, 1988).

"Armenians Clash on Reunification," Washington Time Washington, D.C. (Nov 7, 1989).

"Armenians Commemorate and Protest," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Apr 25, 1989).

"Armenians Continue to Leave Azerbaijan," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (Feb 20, 1989).

"Armenians ignore call for strike over land," Chicago Tribune Chicago (July 22, 1988).

"Armenians ignored on annexation bid," Detroit News Detroit (Mar 24, 1988).

"Armenians In Offensive In Disputed Enclave," New York Times National (Feb 7, 1993).

"Armenians launched a two-day general strike over a disputed territory.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (June 14, 1988).

"Armenians meet with Gorbachev, stop protest," Free Press Detroit (Feb 28, 1988).

"Armenians negotiators in Latvia broke off informal talks with Azerbaijanis, and a truce agreement between the two republics apparently collapsed.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Feb 5, 1990).

"Armenians press strike," Free Press Detroit (Mar 31, 1988).

"Armenians Rally for Territory's Return," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (Dec 1, 1989).

"Armenians shelled a city in Azerbaijan and villages in the disputed enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh despite an Iranian-brokered cease-fire agreement reached over the weekend.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Mar 17, 1992).

"Armenians shut city for 2nd day," Chicago Tribune Chicago (Mar 31, 1988).

"Armenians strike after weekend of violence," Times London (sept 20 1988).

"Armenians Strike Last Town Held By Azerbaijanis in Disputed Area," New York Times National (May 9, 1992).

"Armenians threatened to continue a strike in the Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan until the Kremlin agrees to give control of the disputed area to Armenia.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Mar 31, 1988).

"Armenians to end strike," Free Press Detroit (June 27, 1988).

"Army deal in sight," Financial Times (Mar 12, 1992).

"Artsakh Update," Armenian National Committee (Aug 19, 1993 onwards).

"As the Sparks fly upward from Nagorno-Karabakh," The Economist (Mar 5, 1988).

"ASALA issues declaration on its 16th anniversary," Armenian Reporter (Jan 31, 1991).

"At Least 24 Reported Killed In Renewed Azerbaijan Clash," New York Times National (Feb 11, 1992).

"At least 44 people were killed in renewed fighting over the enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, a day after the regional government resigned and formed a committee to rule until Armenian-Azerbaijani clashes end," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Aug 17, 1992).

"At least seven people were killed in artillery fire in the capital of the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Feb 24, 1992).

"Attacks in Caucasus Bring New Tide of Refugees," New York Times National (April 7, 1993).

"Autonomous Status of Gharabagh Labeled 'Fictitious'," Aztag Beirut (Mar 18, 1988).

"Azerbaijan," Newsweek (Jan 4, 1993).

"Azerbaijan annulled Tuesday's decision by Nagorno-Karabakh to secede from the republic and join neighboring Armenia, the news agency Tass reported.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (July 14, 1988).

"Azerbaijan Attaks Armenian Enclave," Financial Times (Mar 8, 1992).

"Azerbaijan Chief Fights Rebellion: Orders Use of Force Against Expanding Body of Troops Advancing on Capital," New York Times National (June 15, 1993).

"Azerbaijan defense officials said Armenian fighters had fully encircled a strategic southern town, Fizuli, and its defenders were involved in street battles," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Aug 17, 1993).

"Azerbaijan Demands Pullout By Enclave's Armenia Forces," New York Times National (Sept 21, 1992).

"Azerbaijan fighting resumes," Free Press Detroit (May 11, 1994).

"Azerbaijan hits enclave," Free Press Detroit (Jan 18, 1994).

"Azerbaijan Is Claiming Gains In Long Battle Over Enclave," New York Times National (Jan 8, 1994).

"Azerbaijan Militants Seize Town Offices," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (Jan 12, 1990).

"Azerbaijan Moves to Rejoin Ex-Soviets' Commonwealth," New York Times National (Sept 21, 1993).

"Azerbaijan Newsletter," Embassy of Azerbaijan Washington, D.C. (Oct 15, 1993 onwards).

"Azerbaijan officials fired," Free Press Detroit (Mar 18, 1988).

"Azerbaijan Parliament Dissolves In Support of a National Council," New York Times National (May 20, 1992).

"Azerbaijan rejected the use of U.N. peacekeeping troops to end four years of fighting with Armenia over the Caucasus Mountains enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Mar 18, 1992).

"Azerbaijan said that Armenian forces had captured 18 villages and key mountain outposts in southwestern Azerbaijan, and Armenia reported heavy combat near the disputed enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Apr 12, 1993).

"Azerbaijan Says Armenians Seized Town to Block Refugees Flight," New York Times National (Sept 5, 1993).

"Azerbaijan stepped up its offensive to regain control over the enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh and demanded that Armenian forces withdraw from the disputed region within days, officials said," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Sept 21, 1992).

"Azerbaijan warned there was only a 50% chance of avoiding all-out war with Armenia over the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Mar 12, 1992).

"Azerbaijan's Parliament voted to take control of the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh, according to Soviet television," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Nov 27, 1991).

"Azerbaijan: A time of turmoil," The Economist (May 23, 1992).

"Azerbaijan: Was might right?," The Economist (Sept 29, 1990).

"Azerbaijani forces captured more than a dozen villages in Nagorno-Karabakh and killed over 200 Armenians in one of the worst clashes in the four-year-old war over the enclave.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (June 15, 1992).

"Azerbaijani Is Soundly Rejected In a Confidence Ballot by Voters," New York Times National (Sep 1, 1993).

"Azerbaijani jets 'kill 40 in raids'," Financial Times (Aug 24, 1992).

"Azerbaijani Jets Said to Kill 13 in Nagorno-Karabakh City," New York Times National (Aug 24, 1992).

"Azerbaijani Leader Declares Presidential Rule Over Karabagh," The Armenian Reporter Int'l (Jan 11, 1992).

"Azerbaijani Leader: Soviets Provoking Clashes Between Azeris & Armenians," Armenian Life Weekly (May 17, 1991).

"Azerbaijani Militants vowed a 'real guerrilla war' agianst Soviet forces," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Jan 24, 1990).

"Azerbaijani Premier Offers to Resign After Rebels Take City," New York Times National (June 8, 1993).

"Azerbaijani troops captured another town in the disputed Nagorno-Karabagh region after a fierce battle, while Armenian forces retook two villages last month, Armenian officials said Sunday.," Free Press Detroit, MI (Jul 6, 1992).

"Azerbaijani Troops Seized Another Town In The Disputed Nagorno-Karabakh Region After An Overnight Battle That Repotedly Left Dozens Of People Dead And Hundreds Wounded," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (July 6, 1992).

"Azerbaijani units resumed their offensive in the enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, with hundreds of soldiers killed as they advanced on Armenian strongholds, Armenian reports said," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Jan 11, 1994).

"Azerbaijanis and Armenians exchanged rocket fire in villages across the disputed enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Mar 13, 1992).

"Azerbaijanis flee war for Iran," Free Press Detroit (Nov 2, 1993).

"Azerbaijanis Open an Offensive To Drive Armenians From Region," New York Times National (Sept 23, 1992).

"Azerbaijanis Rally for Autonomy," Arab News (Aug 13, 1989).

"Azerbaijanis voted whether to keep their democratically elected president out of power following his June ouster in an armed rebellion," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Aug 30, 1993).

"Azeri Blockade Saps Armenian City' Life," Chicago Tribune Chicago (Feb 18, 1993).

"Azeri forces claim gains near Nagorno-Karabakh," Financial Times (June 16, 1992).

"Azeri-Armenian Clash In Enclave," Financial Times (Oct 20, 1992).

"Azeri-wary," The Economist (Nov 6, 1993).

"Azeris Accused Of Karabakh Shelling," Financial Times (July 10, 1992).

"Azeris lose key town," Financial Times (Aug 24, 1993).

"Battle for ex-Soviet enclave goes against Azerbaijan," Apr 5, 1993 (Apr 5, 1993).

"Battles in Azerbaijan Kill 44 and Wound 26," New York Times National (Aug 17, 1992).

"Battles rage in former Soviet Union," Free Press Detroit (June 29, 1992).

"Better than cold," The Economist (Apr 9, 1994).

"Blast kills 21 on ferry in Azerbaijan," Free Press Detroit (Jan 10, 1992).

"Blockade Turns The 'Good Life' Into Misery For Armenians," The Toronto Star Toronto (Feb 7, 1993).

"Blockaded Armenians Call for Arms," Chicago Tribune Chicago, IL (Oct 12, 1989).

"Bomb blast on bus kills 5 in Azerbaijan," Chicago Tribune Chicago, IL (Sept 19, 1989).

"Bosnia: No Lodestar," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (May 11, 1993).

"Calif. gov seeks help for fellow Armenians," USA Today (Dec 5, 1988).

"Can glasnost live if justice dies in Artzakh (Karabagh)? An open letter to Mikhail S. Gorbachev from the Armenian community in America," New York Times National (Dec 7, 1988).

"Caucasus Violence Worsens," New York Times National (Mar 4, 1992).

"Cease-fire attempt stalled," Free Press Detroit (Aug 9, 1993).

"Christmas celebrations in Karabagh & Armenia are dampened by cold, hunger & a growing concern over the possibility of another major Azeri offensive," Christian Solidarity International Washington, DC (Dec 15, 1993).

"City in Azerbaijan Is Attacked," New York Times National (June 13, 1993).

"Clinton and Russia," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Sept 27, 1994).

"Could a Pipeline Deliver Peace in a Steady Stream?," New York Times National (Feb 15, 1995).

"Cross-border connections may spread area conflict," New York Times National (Sept 12, 1993).

"CSI Returns To Karabakh With Aid & The First U.S. Congressman To Visit The War-Ravaged Enclave," Christian Solidarity International Washington, D.C. (Aug 1994).

"Curfew eased in Armenian Capital," Chicago Tribune Chicago, IL (Feb 2, 1989).

"Curfew Stifles Ethnic Riots, Killings in Uzebekistan," Washington Times (June 5, 1989).

"Daily News Report from Armenia," Armenian Assembly of America Washington, D.C. (Jan 24, 1994 onwards).

"Death Reported in Armenian Dispute," Free Press Detroit (July 8, 1988).

"Despite earlier reservations Vice President Bush joins Dukakis acknowledging Armenian Genocide," California Courier Glendale, CA (Oct 13, 1988).

"Dozens of military vehicles headed toward Nagorno-Karabakh, apparently to organize the withdrawal of former Soviet troops from the disputed enclave after a week of intense fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Mar 2, 1992).

"Emergency talks opened in Rome as European nations attemped to end Armenian-Azerbaijani fighting in the enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (June 2, 1992).

"Energy Crunch Slows Armenia," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Nov 11, 1991).

"Estonia Leader Urges End to Strike By Russians," New York Times New York (Aug 15, 1989).

"Ethnic Protest Turns Violent in Soviet Armenia," Christian Science Monitor (July 7, 1988).

"Europe's wild east," Financial Times (Feb 28, 1992).

"Excerpts From the Statement by Gorbachev to Armenians," New York Times New York (Feb 27, 1988).

"Explosive packed car blows up in Armenia," Chicago Tribune Chicago (Aug 27, 1989).

"Fidains [Fedeyees]," Moscow News Weekly (June 17-24, 1990).

"Fiery food, fiery tempers," The Economist (July 24, 1993).

"Fighting Intensifies in Armenian-Azerbaijani War," New York Times National (Sep 25, 1992).

"Fighting raged in the Caucasus region of the former Soviet Union, and at least 60 people reportedly were killed over the weekend in a battle between Armenia and Azerbaijan.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Jan 28, 1992).

"Film Documents Armenian Conflict," Urbis University of Michigan-Dearborn (Winter 1993).

"Fingers pointed over fighting," Free Press Detroit (Apr 19, 1994).

"Full Circle," The Economist (June 19, 1993).

"Gharabagh Accused of Importing Arms in Cabbage Trucks," Jamanak Istanbul (Mar 7, 1988).

"Gharabagh's CP Votes to Join ASSR, Awaits Moscow's Decision," Marmara Istanbul (Mar 19, 1988).

"Gorbachev asks ethnic feud leaders to come to Moscow," Detroit Free Press (Nov 26, 1988).

"Gorbachev ceded control over coal mines to Russian republic leaders.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (May 7, 1991).

"Gorbachev gets cold feet over action in Karabagh," Armenian Reporter (Feb 28, 1991).

"Gorbachev met with leaders of the Soviet republics of Armenia and Azerbaijan to discuss ways to resolve rercent ethnic unrest, Tass reported.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Mar 10, 1988).

"Gorbachev on disputed area: breach in socialist morality," New York Times New York (July 20, 1988).

"Gorbachev opens Soviet Government Meeting on 'Urgent' Issues,," Associated Press (Jan 12, 1989).

"Gorbachev's turbulent south," The Economist (Jan 13, 1990).

"Gorby said planning to place Karabagh under direct rule," Armenian Reporter (Feb 21, 1991).

"Graduate Training and Research Program on the Contemporary Caucasus Newsletter," The Berkeley Program in Soviet and Post-Soviet Studies Berkeley, CA (Winter 1995 onwards).

"Gunmen assassinated the chairman of Parliament in Nagorno-Karabakh, a separatist enclave of Azerbaijan," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Apr 15, 1992).

"Hate-the-Turk Club Start Love-the-Armenia Campaign: The Club pushes for a Consulate in Yerevan," Turkish Times (June 15, 1990).

"Heavy clashes broke out between Azerbaijani and Armenian forces, possibly jeopardizing the latest attempt at a cease-fire in the battle for control of the Nagorno-Karabakh," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Aug 9, 1993).

"Heavy Fighting Goes On for Town In Disputed Region of Caucasus," New York Times National (May 9, 1992).

"Hundreds of Armenians gathered at a Moscow cemetery to demand Kremlin action to resolve a territorial dispute between Armenia and Azerbaijan.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Mar 14, 1988).

"Hundreds of Kurds killed in Kelbajar," Kurdistan Report for Free and Independent Kurdistan London (July/August 1993 onwards).

"Imperfect peace," The Economist (Nov 14, 1992).

"Investigation in Nagorno-Karabakh said an accident was responsible for Tuesday's fatal shooting of Artur Mkrtchyan, who headed the region's Parliament and led the fight for Independence from Azerbaijan," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Apr 16, 1992).

"Iran Warns Armenians on Azerbaijan Issue," New York Times National (Sep 8, 1993).

"Iranians Reportedly Arming Azerbaijanis (holding a photo of Ataturk)," Insight (Feb 19, 1990).

"Is Russia 'Trying To Recapture Lost Lands'?," Business Week (Aug 30, 1993).

"Karabagh," Nor Gyank Vol. X No. 13 (Mar 17, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Weekly Vol. LVIII-14-29343 (Apr 16, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Reporter Vol. XXI No. 23 (Mar 17, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Life Weekly Vol. III Issue 25 (Apr 15, 1988).

"Karabagh," California Courier Vol. XXX No. 36 (Mar 17, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Mirror-Spectator Vol. LV No. 34 3026 (Mar 5, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Mirror-Spectator Vol. LV No. 35 3027 (Mar 12, 1988).

"Karabagh," California Courier Vol. XXX No. 40 (Apr 14, 1988).

"Karabagh," Nor Gyank Vol. X No. 12 (Mar 10, 1988).

"Karabagh," Nor Gyank Vol. X No. 14 (Mar 24, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Reporter Vol. XXI No. 24 (Mar 24, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Reporter Vol. XXI No. 22 (Mar 10, 1988).

"Karabagh," California Courier Vol. XXX No. 34 (Mar 3, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Reporter Vol. XXI No. 20 (Feb 25, 1988).

"Karabagh," Nor Gyank Vol. X No. 11 (Mar 3, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Weekly Vol. LVIII-12-2932 (Apr 2, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Weekly Vol. LVIII-14-29344 (Apr 23, 1988).

"Karabagh," Nor Gyank Vol. X No. 16 (Apr 7, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Weekly Vol. LVIII-13-2933 (Apr 9, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Reporter Vol. XXI No. 25 (Mar 31, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Mirror-Spectator Vol. LV No. 38 3030 (Apr 2, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Reporter Vol. XXI No. 26 (Apr 7, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Mirror-Spectator Vol. LV No 37 3029 (Mar 26, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Mirror-Spectator Vol. LV No. 41 3033 (Apr 23, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Mirror-Spectator Vol. LV No. 42 3032 (Apr 16, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Observer Vol. XVIII No. 16 (Mar 9, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Observer Vol. XVIII No. 15 (Mar 2, 1988).

"Karabagh," New York Times (June 20, 1988).

"Karabagh," Christian Science Monitor (Mar 3, 1988).

"Karabagh," International Herald Tribune (Mar 28, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Observer Vol. XVIII No. 14 (Feb 24, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Reporter Vol. XXI No. 21 (Mar 3, 1988).

"Karabagh," New York Times (July 22, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Observer Vol. XVIII No. 17 (Mar 16, 1988).

"Karabagh," California Courier Vol. XXX No. 37 (Mar 24, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Observer Vol. XVIII No. 21 (Apr 13, 1988).

"Karabagh," California Courier Vol. XXX No. 35 (Mar 10, 1988).

"Karabagh," California Courier Vol. XXX No. 38 (Mar 31, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Observer Vol. XVIII No. 18 (Mar 23, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Observer Vol. XVIII No. 20 (Apr 6, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Mirror-Spectator Vol. LV No. 36 3028 (Mar 19, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Observer Vol. XVIII No. 19 (Mar 30, 1988).

"Karabagh," New York Times (May 23, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Mirror-Spectator Vol. LV No. 39 3031 (Apr 9, 1988).

"Karabagh," Free Press Detroit (na).

"Karabagh," Christian Science Monitor (Mar 10, 1988).

"Karabagh," Christian Science Monitor (Mar 18, 1988).

"Karabagh," Christian Science Monitor (June 1, 1988).

"Karabagh," (June 23, 1988).

"Karabagh," New York Times (Mar 30, 1988).

"Karabagh," New York Times (June 11, 1988).

"Karabagh," Christian Science Monitor (June 3, 1988).

"Karabagh," Hye Sharzhoom Vol. 9 No. 2 (March 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Weekly Vol. LVIII-12-2932 (Mar 26, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Life Weekly Vol. III Issue 23 (Mar 18, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Life Weekly Vol. III Issue 24 (Mar 25, 1988).

"Karabagh," New York Times (Feb 28, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Life Weekly Vol. III Issue 22 (Mar 11, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Reporter Vol. XXI No. 28 (Apr 21, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Weekly Vol. LVIII-8-2928 (Feb 27, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Reporter Vol. XXI No. 27 (Apr 14, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Weekly Vol. LVIII-10-2930 (Mar 12, 1988).

"Karabagh," Wall Street Journal (July 22, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Weekly Vol. LVIII-9-2929 (Mar 5, 1988).

"Karabagh," Christian Science Monitor (June 27, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Reporter Vol. XXI No. 29 (Apr 28, 1988).

"Karabagh," New York Times (June 18, 1988).

"Karabagh," Armenian Life Weekly Vol. III Issue 25 (Apr 1, 1988).

"Karabagh," Christian Science Monitor (June 21, 1988).

"Key Caucasus City Falls to the Armenian's Forces," New York Times National (Aug 24, 1993).

"KGB chief blasts West," Free Press Detroit (Apr 14, 1988).

"Kozyrev warns Armenia over aid," Financial Times (Nov 23, 1993).

"Kremlin Panel Named to Run Disputed Region," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Jan 15, 1989).

"Latest Cease-Fire Threatened in Azerbaijan," New York Times National (Sept 2, 1992).

"Latvia's nationalistic movement approved a plan for eventual independence form the Soviet Union.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Oct 9, 1989).

"Leader Fired in Armenia," Free Press Detroit (July 15, 1988).

"Legislators in Nagorno-Karabakh voted to secede from Azerbaijan, local sources said.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (July 13, 1988).

"Loyalist troops in Moldova attacked Slavic militiamen in a rebel-held region, leaving two people dead and 13 wounded," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Apr 1, 1992).

"Map of Georgia, its substates, and its neighbors," National Geographic (May 1992).

"Map of Karabagh from the Armenian Weekly," Armenian Weekly (Feb 29, 1992).

"Massacre by Armenians Being Reported," New York Times National (Mar 3, 1992).

"Meanwhile, Back home," Time (July 25, 1988).

"Militants Yield in Armenia," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (Aug 31, 1990).

"Mission to the Persecuted," Christian Solidarity International Washington, DC (August 1993).

"Months in review," AIM: Armenian International Magazine (July 1990).

"More than 1000 civilians were feared trapped in the snowy mountains of Azerbaijan after trying to make a 21-mile trek over the Dashkesan mountain range to escape Armenian attacks," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Apr 13, 1993).

"More than 200,000 people staged a rally and strike in the Armenian cpaital of Yerevan to demand the transfer of the Nagorno-Karabakh enclave from Azerbaijan, sources said.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (July 15, 1988).

"Moscow - A preliminary investigation into the crash of a helicopter carrying officials trying to mediate between Armenia and Azerbaijan indicates the chopper was shot down, news reports said Thursday," Free Press Detroit (Nov 22, 1991).

"Moscow - The presidents of Armenia and Azerbaijan agreed Wednesday to resume talks to end their ethnic conflict," Free Press Detroit (Nov 28, 1991).

"Moscow authorized its troops to open fire to halt unrest in the Caucasus," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Jan 18, 1990).

"Nagorno - Krash'n'bash: The West may have to step in where the Commonwealth of Independent States is having to back out," The Economist (Mar 14, 1992).

"Nagorno-Karabakh announced a state of emergency and ordered a general mobilization as Azerbaijani forces closed in on a key town in the disputed enclave.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (June 19, 1992).

"Nagorno-Karabakh fighting flares," Financial Times (Feb 1, Feb 2, 1992).

"Nagorno-Karabakh's legislature asked the Supreme Soviet to grant independence to the disputed territory until Moscow decides whether it belongs to Soviet Armenia or Azerbaijan.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (June 22, 1988).

"Nagorno-Karabakh: Nationalist Challenge," Soviet Analyst (Mar 9, 1988).

"Nationalist leader in Azerbaijan claims presidency after election," New York Times National (June 9, 1992).

"NATO role eyed in former East bloc," Free Press Detroit (Mar 11, 1992).

"Neighboring nations have a stake in Armenia conflict," Free Press Detroit (Apr 6, 1993).

"New Azerbaijan Chief Asking Return of President," New York Times National (June 21, 1993).

"Offer of negotiations," Financial Times (Feb 3, 1992).

"Pact Reported on Ending Ethnic War in Caucasus," New York Times National (May 16, 1992).

"Parliament leader killed in Nagorno-Karabakh," Free Press Detroit (Apr 15, 1992).

"Party leaders vote to incorporate region," Free Press Detroit (Mar 19, 1988).

"Persecution of Armenian People," Church & Society Presbyterian Church, U.S.A. (1993).

"Plan may end war for enclave," Free Press Detroit (May 7, 1993).

"Pogrom," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Jan 21, 1990).

"Pravada Criticizes Armenian Demands," Chicago Tribune Chicago (Mar 22, 1988).

"Pravada Talks of Ethnic Woes," New York Times New York (Apr 19, 1988).

"Presidium Imposes Special Management on Nagorno-Karabakh," Associated Press (Jan 12, 1989).

"Protesters in Yerevan ended a general strike after receiving assurances of official support for uniting the disputed Nagorno-Karabagh enclave with Armenia.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (June 15, 1988).

"Protests held by Armenians," Free Press Detroit (June 11, 1988).

"Rebel forces advanced on Azerbaijan's capital, Baku, as the country's temporary leader, former Communist boss Aliev, urged fugitive President Elchibey to return to attend an emergency session of Parliamet," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (June 17, 1993).

"Rebel named prime minister," Detroit News Detroit (July 1, 1993).

"Refugee Tide on Move in Azerbaijan," New York Times National (Sept 16, 1993).

"Refugees stuck in mountains," Detroit News Detroit (Apr 13, 1993).

"Residents of an Armenian enclave seized 33 Soviet soldiers as hostages in Azerbaijan to demand the release of Armenians detained during recent unrest in the republic, the official Tass news agency said," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Aug 15, 1991).

"Residents of the predominantly Armenian enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh have lost about $53.5 million in wages because of the two-month general strike in the region, the Soviet Communist daily Pravda said.," Los Angeles Times Los Angeles (July 6, 1989).

"Rioters Take Over Azerbaijan's Parliament," New York Times National (May 16, 1992).

"Rioting erupted in Azerbaijan despite the presence of Soviet troops," Wall Street Journal (Nov 25, 1988).

"Russia Blocks U.S.-Bought Seed for Armenia," New York Times National (Mar 22, 1994).

"Russia helped negotiate a truce in the conflict over the Transcaucasian enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, according to news reports," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Apr 9, 1993).

"Russian Interventions," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Aug 10, 1994).

"Russian leader Yeltsin visited the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region, and said the feuding republics of Armenia and Azerbaijan recognized the need for peace talks to end protracted fighting over the territory," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Sept 23, 1991).

"Sahil [Shore]," Caspian Oil Fleet Company No. 9 Vol. 104 ().

"Sakharov Boosts Ethnic Dissidents," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (Feb 9, 1989).

"Seven Armenians are awaiting execution in Baku: ACT NOW TO SAVE THEIR LIVES," Armenian Weekly (July 25, 1992).

"Seven die in fighting," Financial Times (Feb 18, 1992).

"Shevardnadze to Head A Top Georgian Panel," New York Times National (Mar 11, 1992).

"Soldiers and Civilians Fleeing in Azerbaijan," New York Times National (July 25, 1993).

"Soviet Area Votes Again to Secede from Azerbaijan," Christian Science Monitor (July 13, 1988).

"Soviet Armenian Strike Spreads to Rest of Region," Christian Science Monitor (July 8, 1988).

"Soviet group secedes, votes to join Armenia," Detroit News Detroit (July 13, 1988).

"Soviet media reported that the mayor and Communist Party chief of the Azerbaijan city of Sumgait were dismissed.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Mar 18, 1988).

"Soviet Nationality Survey," Soviet Nationality Survey (March 1988).

"Soviet Official on Diaspora Ties," JPRS Report (May 15, 1989).

"Soviet officials said 16 people were injured in weekend clashes in Armenia, the first ethnic riots in the republic since a territorial dispute began with neighboring Azerbaijan in February.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (June 21, 1988).

"Soviet paratroopers were airlifted into Armenia's capital, Yerevan, to protect military installations after a week of violence," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (May 6, 1991).

"Soviet paratroopers were airlifted into Armenia's capital, Yerevan, to protect military installations after a week of violence along the Armenian-Azerbaijani borderthat left 36 people dead.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (May 6, 1991).

"Soviet Premier Ryzhkov urged a compromise in the ethnic dispute between the Republics of Armenia and Azerbaijan, and accused nationalists of using the Dec. 7 earthquake in Armenia to sow...strife.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Dec 21, 1988).

"Soviet reports major oil center in Azerbaijan shaken by riots," New York Times National (mar 1 1988).

"Soviet republic officials among 20 dead in crash," Free Press Detroit (Nov 21, 1991).

"Soviet Tells of 'Pogroms' By Rioters in Azerbaijan," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Mar 16, 1988).

"Soviet troops clashed with Azerbaijanis blockading Baku's harbor," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Jan 25, 1990).

"Soviet troops killed an Azerbaijani man in the disputed area of Nagorno-Karbakh, the second such shooting in as many days.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Oct 13, 1989).

"Soviet troops seal off Yerevan as thousands rally," Japan Times (sept 26 1988).

"Soviet troops were sent to the Armenian capital of Yerevan, and police were brought in from other republics to enforce a ban on spontaneous demonstrations, local dissidents said.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (ENG 25, 1988).

"Soviet viewers see Gorbachev take hard line," Free Press Detroit (July 20, 1988).

"Soviet wary on Armenia," Free Press Detroit (Mar 16, 1988).

"Soviets end strike," Detroit News Detroit (June 27, 1988).

"Soviets Get Tough in Riot-Torn Province," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (May 11, 1989).

"Soviets list ethnic arrests," Free Press Detroit (Mar 22, 1988).

"Staying on," The Economist (Nov 30, 1991).

"Still fighting," The Economist (Jan 9, 1993).

"Strike Eases in Armenia," Free Press Detroit (Sept 24 1988).

"Sturm im Sowjet Reich: Aufstand gegen Moskau," Der Spiegel (Dec 5, 1988).

"Sturm im Sowjet-Reich (The Storm in the Soviet Empire)," Der Spiegel (The Mirror) (Dec 5, 1988).

"Tajikistan leaders agreed to form a coalition government with opposition representatives in several key posts," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (May 12, 1992).

"Taking sides?," The Economist (May 18, 1991).

"Tens of thousand of Armenians rallied in the capital of Yerevan and called for creating self-defense units, activists said.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Oct 12, 1989).

"The aftermath," The Economist (Dec 12, 1992).

"The Azeri prime minister offered to quit after rebels captured Azergaijan's second-biggest city, Gyandzha," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (June 8, 1993).

"The bear pauses," The Economist (Dec 11, 1993).

"The deplorable events in Azerbaijan," Turkish Newspot Digest Ankara (Jan 25, 1990).

"The epicentre," The Economist (Mar 21, 1992).

"The killing mountains: Is a new Armenian massacre imminent? We report on the fears in Nagorno-Karabakh, a mainly Armenian-inhabited enclave of Azerbaijan," The Economist (Jan 18, 1992).

"The Kremlin agreed to let Armenian officials try to disarm thousands of paramilitary groups in the republic and won't send in troops, the president of Armenia said.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Aug 10, 1990).

"The Kremlin mobilized army reserves to end unrest in the Caucasus," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Jan 19,1990).

"The Kremlin pressed Soviet republics to maintain an economic union.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (May 1, 1991).

"The official Soviet press reported that most business had been halted in the Azerbaijan city of Stepanakert, and Armenian dissidents said the stoppage of all but essential industries was the result of....," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Mar 28, 1988).

"The People's Voice That Won't Be Stilled," The Guardian (May 9, 1989).

"The Soviet resolution on ethnic enclave," New York Times New York (July 20, 1988).

"The Soviet Union imposed a curfew in Sumgait to curb ethnic unrest," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Mar 2, 1988).

"The Survival of Nagorno Karabakh: CSI Continues to Aid Beseiged Christians," Christian Solidarity International Washington, DC (August 1993).

"The U.S. Embassy in Ethiopia said an Armenian activist expelled by Moscow last week will be allowed to settle in the U.S.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (July 28, 1988).

"The withdrawal of a former Soviet army unit from the embattled enclave of Nagorno-Karabagh in Azerbaijan was blocked by Armenian residents.," New York Times National (Mar 4, 1992).

"Thousands of Armenians defied a Kremlin threat of a crackdown and stayed away from factories and schools in the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Mar 29, 1988).

"Thousands of Armenians staged a general strike in the city of Stepanakert to press demands for the return of control over an enclave in Azerbaijan.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (June 1, 1988).

"Three more Armenian towns were seized by Soviet soldiers and Azerbaijani riot police, and a blockade was set up at Voskepar, where at least 15 Armenians were killed Monday.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (May 8, 1991).

"Three Peace Missions Are Seeking To Quell Ethnic War in Caucasus," New York Times National (Mar 10, 1992).

"Toll at 312 in Soviet Ethnic Strife," Chicago Tribune Chicago, IL (Oct 25, 1989).

"Turk Says Russia Is Tangled in Caucasus War," New York Times National (Apr 15, 1993).

"Turkey appeals to Moscow to end bloodshed in Azerbaijan," Newspot Turkish Digest Ankara (Jan 25, 1990).

"Turkey Moves Troops to Armenian Border," New York Times National (Sept 4, 1993).

"Turkey's premier played down reports that his country wanted to send troops to help Azerbaijan in the battle with Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (May 21, 1992).

"Turkey, Azerbaijan & Armenia Held Talks: Tripartite meeting is the first of its kind," Turkish Times Association of Turkish American Associations (December 1992).

"Turkish View of Gharabagh Incidents Outlined," Jamanak Istanbul (Mar 17, 1988).

"U.N. Demands Armenians Give Up Conquests," New York Times National (Aug 19, 1993).

"UM-Dearborn Professor Appears in New Film Documenting Conflict," Reporter (Sept 22, 1992).

"UN may be called in," Financial Times (Feb 13, 1992).

"UN officials briefed on refugee conditions," The British Broadcasting Corporation/Summary of World Broadcasts (June 25, 1993).

"Very provoking," The Economist (Nov 25, 1989).

"Violence erupts in Soviet repuclic," Detroit News Detroit (Oct 6, 1991).

"Violence Flares Anew in Caucasus," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (May 10, 1989).

"Violence Flares Anew In Soviet Republic," Detroit News (Nov 25, 1988).

"War in Azerbaijan Spurs Exodus," New York Times National (Aug 28, 1993).

"Warring Nationalists agreed to a truce along a Caucasus battlefield," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Jan 26, 1990).

"Warring republics may contain nuclear weapons," Free Press Detroit (Mar 12, 1992).

"Welcome To The President Of The Armenian Republic: Levon Ter-Petrossian," Free Press Detroit (Aug 11, 1994).

"When the earth stops shaking," The Economist (Dec 17, 1988).

"Who's winning and who's losing," The Economist (Nov 13, 1993).

"Widespread Turnout is Reported for Rally in Armenian Capital," New York Times National (May 13, 1989).

"Winking at Aggression in Baku," New York Times National (Feb 14, 1992).

"Wir werden euch ausrotten: Kampf um Berg-Karabach und der Volkermord an den Armeniern (I)," Der Spiegel (Mar 23, 1992).

"Wir werden euch ausrotten: Kampf um Berg-Karabach und der Volkermord an den Armeniern (II)," Der Spiegel (Mar 30, 1992).

"Wir werden euch ausrotten: Kampf um Berg-Karabach und der Volkermord an den Armeniern (III)," Der Spiegel (Apr 6, 1992).

"Workers in Armenia returned to their jobs following a two month strike that failed to persuade the Kremlin to transfer control of the disputed Nagorno-Karabagh enclave from republic of Azerbaijan.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (July 26, 1988).

"Workers in Soviet Azerbaijan Stage One-Day Shutdowns," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Aug 15, 1989).

"Yeltsin announces talks over bloody ethnic feud," Free Press Detroit (Sept 23, 1991).

"Yeltsin gets cease-fire in Armenia, Azerbaijan," Free Press Detroit (Sept 25, 1991).

"Yeltsin Takes a Sick Day As Parliament Convenes," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Sept 20, 1991).

Articles with an author
Abrahamian, Levon H., "The Karabagh Movement as Viewed by an Anthropologist," Armenian Review Vol 43 No 2-3 (Summer 1990).

Abramian, Jackie, "Sumgait Pogrom was a Second 1915," Armenian Mirror-Spectator (Aug 6, 1988).

Abramian, Jackie, "Zori Balayan Offers Insights on Karabagh Conflict," California Courier (July 21, 1988).

Agadzhanian, Gunash, "The Pogrom in Sumgait: An Eyewitness Account," Them (Fall 1988).

Agence France-Presse, "Truce crumbles in Nagorno-Karabakh," New York Times National (Feb 28, 1992).

Alexiev, Alex, "Nationalities: Does Gorbachev Grasp the Urgency," Los Angeles Times Los Angeles, CA (Sept 24, 1989).

Alibekov, D., "Senate Interferes in Azerbaijan's Affairs," New York Times National (Oct 13, 1989).

Alishan, Gh., "Artsakh," Bazmavep Venice, Vols CXLVI and CXLVII (1988 and 1989).

Aliyeva, Leila, "Political Leadership Strategies in Azerbaijan," Graduate Training and Research Program on the Contemporary Caucasus Vol. 1, No. 1 (Winter 1995).

Amalric, Jacques, "Sakharov Gives His Assessment of Perestroika's Survival Chances," Manchester Guardian (Oct 8, 1989).

Ananun, D., "Gharabagh," Hayastani Kooperatsia (August 1920).

Ananun, D., "Gharabagh," Grakan Tert Yerevan, #52 (Dec 22, 1989).

Anasian, H., "Une mise au point relative a l'Albanie caucasienne (Aluank)," Revue des Etudes Armeniennes Paris, Vol. VI (1969).

AP, "400 killed in clashes over Armenian enclave: 100 Azerbaijan youths among dead," New York Post New York, NY (Sept 21, 1992).

AP, "7 die in Azerbaijan clash," Windsor Star Windsor, Ont (Feb 24, 1992).

AP, "7 dies in shelling in disputed Caucasus Zone," New York Times National (Feb 24, 1992).

AP, "A statue of Lenin is surrounded by thousands of Azerbaijani demonstrators who gathered Monday, in Lenin Square in Baku, the republic's capital, to mourn the victims of recent violence," Free Press Detroit (Jan 23,1990).

AP, "Armenian strikers hold rally," New York Times National (Sept 21, 1988).

AP, "Armenians 'advance in Karabakh'," Financial Times (July 30, 1992).

AP, "Armenians Mourn on Anniversary of Deadly Ethnic Riots," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (Feb 27, 1989).

AP, "Armenians use artillery in attack on Azerbaijanis," Windsor Star Windsor, Ont (Feb 12, 1992).

AP, "Azerbaijanis hit base, take ammo," Windsor Star Windsor, Ont (Feb 25, 1992).

AP, "Azeri blockade saps Armenian city's life," Chicago Tribune Chicago, Illinois (Feb 18, 1993).

AP, "End of unrest is reported in Armenia," Detroit News Detroit (Feb 28, 1988).

AP, "European Parliament Urges Emergency Grant to Armenia," New York Times National (Jan 19, 1990).

AP, "Gorbachev seeks to quell protests: Appeals broadcast in Armenian city," Free Press Detroit (Feb 27, 1988).

AP, "Gunfire closes in on Azerbaijani city," Windsor Star Windsor, Ont (Mar 5, 1992).

AP, "High Azerbaijani Toll is Reported," Boston Globe Boston, MA (Dec 24, 1993).

AP, "Official is slain in Caucasus area: Gunmen kill legislative chief in Armenian zone capital," New York Times National (Apr 15, 1992).

AP, "Russian banks hit with run on ruble," Windsor Star Windsor, Ont (Feb 22, 1992).

AP, "Soviet troubleshooters killed as transport plane crashes in sea," Free Press Detroit (Oct 20, 1989).

AP, "Soviets Say 91 Died in Ethnic Violence in '88," Chicago Tribune Chicago, IL (Feb 8, 1989).

AP, "Stances harden as shells fall: Armenians return Azerbaijani fire," Windsor Star Windsor, Ont (Mar 11, 1992).

AP, "Violence is endemic in border areas of Armenia," Armenian Reporter (Nov 8, 1990).

AP and Reuter, "Armenians join ethnic protests," Detroit News Detroit (Feb 25, 1988).

AP and Reuter, "Soviets send troops to Armenian capital," Detroit News Detroit (Mar 26, 1988).

AP and UPI, "Gorbachev pleads for calm in Armenia," Detroit News Detroit (Feb 27, 1988).

AP, Reuter, UPI, "Soviets oust organizer of Armenian protests," Detroit News Detroit (July 21, 1988).

Araz, Ara, "Armenians Have Also Known Massacres," New York Times National (Mar 17, 1992).

Armbruster, Sandra, "Congressmen pledge support to Armenians," Southfield Observer (1989).

ArmenPress, "Karabagh Soviet Military Commander threatens to oust activist Z. Balayan," Armenian Reporter (Nov 8, 1990).

Armitage, Richard L., "Tribal Animosities Put Millions in Peril," Los Angeles Times Los Angeles (May 10, 1993).

Arslanian, Artin H., "Britain and the Question of Mountainous Karabgh," Middle Eastern Studies Vol. 16, No. 1 (January 1980).

Associated Press, "Soldiers of the Soviet Internal forces escort an Armenian woman to safety in Baku, Azerbaijan, on Tuesday," Free Press Detroit (Jan 17, 1990).

Auerbach, Jon, "A Vengeful Turn (Armenian's friends recoil at cruelties in Azerbaijan)," Detroit News Detroit (Dec 7, 1993).

Auerbach, Jon, "Brutal Turn is seen for Armenian Forces," Boston Sunday Globe Boston (Nov 21, 1993).

Auerbach, Jon, "Clandestine Russian Force Back Azeris," Boston Globe Boston (Nov 22, 1993).

Avdoyan, L., "Nagorno Karabakh: An historical perspective," International Journal on Group Rights Volume 3 (1995).

Azadian, Edmond Y., "Don't blame the Armenians," Free Press Detroit (Mar 26, 1992).

Balian, Hrair, "Covcas Bulletin: Human Rights and Nationalities-Conflicts in the Trans-Caucasus," Covcas Center for Law & Conflict Resolution Prevessin, France (June 24, 1992).

Banning, Edward, "History of inter-ethnic conflicts reveals plethora of currencies," The Globe and Mail (Jan 27, 1990).

Barraclough, Colin, "Azerbaijan Democrats On Verge of Losing Power," Christian Science Monitor (June 18, 1993).

Barraclough, Colin, "Azeri-Armenian Clashes Force Thousands Into Iran," The Christian Science Monitor (Nov 1, 1993).

Barraclough, Colin, "Strained by Caucasus War, Azeris Face Internal Split," Chrisian Science Monitor (June 11, 1993).

Barraclough, Colin, "Strained by Caucasus War, Azeris Face International Split Following clashes, former Communist is asked to lead," The Christian Science Monitor (June 11, 1993).

Barringer, Felicity, "100,000 flee ethnic violence in the Caucasus," New York Times National (Dec 1, 1988).

Barringer, Felicity, "3 more killed in Soviet ethnic protest," New York Times National (Dec 7, 1988).

Barringer, Felicity, "A dispute over terrritory with religious overtones," New York Times National (Feb 24, 1988).

Barringer, Felicity, "A Test of Change Explodes in Soviet Union:," New York Times New York (Mar 11, 1988).

Barringer, Felicity, "Armenian Leaders Call Off Rally Planned for Saturday," New York Times New York (Mar 25, 1988).

Barringer, Felicity, "Armenians in Soviet mourn those killed in unrest," New York Times National (Mar 9, 1988).

Barringer, Felicity, "Karabagh," New York Times (July 11, 1988).

Barringer, Felicity, "Karabagh," New York Times (Mar 11, 1988).

Barringer, Felicity, "Karabagh," New York Times (Mar 23, 1988).

Barringer, Felicity, "Karabagh," New York Times (Feb 24, 1988).

Barringer, Felicity, "Karabagh," New York Times (Mar 25, 1988).

Barringer, Felicity, "Karabagh," New York Times (Mar 9, 1988).

Barringer, Felicity, "Karabagh," New York Times (Feb 29, 1988).

Barringer, Felicity, "Karabagh," New York Times (July 6, 1988).

Barringer, Felicity, "Moscow Rejects Armenian Appeals," New York Times New York (July 19, 1988).

Barringer, Felicity, "Moscow rejects Armenian appeals," New York Times National (July 19, 1988).

Barringer, Felicity, "Pravda Writer Disavows Article on Armenia," New York Times New York (Mar 25, 1988).

Berberian, George, "Barouyr Hairikian addresses gathering in NYC on issues in Armenia," Armenian Reporter (Feb 21, 1991).

Bering-Jensen, Henrik, "Threatening to Split the Union," Insight (Jan 29, 1990).

Bernstein, Jonas, "A 'real war' of nationalism arrives on the Kremlin's turf," Insight (Sept 24, 1990).

Bernstein, Jonas, "A big brother turns into a foe," Insight (Aug 20, 1990).

Bernstein, Jonas, "Spreading Nationalist Turmoil Challenges Power of Glasnost," Insight (Mar 21, 1988).

Bill Keller, "Ethnic Problems For Moscow: Few Likely Options," New York Times (Sept 25, 1988).

Bill Keller, "Parts of Armenia are blocked off by Soviet troops," New York Times (Sept 23, 1988).

Binder, David, "U.S. Rebukes Armenia on New Drive in Caucasus," New York Times National (Apr 7, 1993).

Binder, David, "U.S. Warning Of A 'Catastrophe' Facing Armenia In Fighting," New York Times National (Dec 20, 1992).

Blackman, Ann, "In the School of Democracy," Time (Oct 16, 1989).

Bogert, Carroll, "Civil War in the Theater Next Door," Newsweek (Feb 5, 1990).

Bogert, Carroll, "Hot summer for Moscow: Ethic strife truns into attacks on Soviet power," Newsweek (June 18, 1990).

Bohlen, Celestine, "Amid War For Enclave, Armenia Sees Little Hope," New York Times National (Feb 12, 1993).

Bohlen, Celestine, "Blockade And Winter Deepen Misery In Armenia," New York Times National (Feb 7, 1993).

Bohlen, Celestine, "Turkey And Russia Ask End To Strife: Two Nations Pledge to Work for a Peaceful Solution to Conflict in Caucasus," New York Times National (May 27, 1992).

Bonner, Elena, "Human rights activist Elena Bonner blasts Soviet inaction on Karabagh," California Courier (Nov 1, 1990).

Bonner, Raymond, "Foreigners Fight Again in the Embattled Caucasus," New York Times National (Aug 4, 1993).

Bonner, Raymond, "Foreigners fight again in the embattled Caucasus," New York Times National (Aug 3, 1993).

Bonner, Raymond, "Kindergarten Holds Hostages Too Old to Flee," New York Times National (Aug 2, 1993).

Bonner, Raymond, "Kindergarten Holds Hostages Too old to Flee," New York Times National (Aug 2, 1993).

Bonner, Raymond, "Landlocked and Alone, Armenia Fears the Winter," New York Times National (Aug 9, 1993).

Bonner, Raymond, "War in Caucasus Shows Ethnic Hate's Front Line," New York Times National (Aug 2, 1993).

Bonner, Raymond, "War in Caucasus shows ethnic hate's front line," New York Times National (Aug 2, 1993).

Bonner, Raymond, "War, Blockade and Poverty 'Strangling' Armenia," New York Times Late Edition (Apr 16, 1994).

Bonner, Raymond, "War, Blockade and Poverty Are 'Stangling' Armeians," New York Times National (Apr 16, 1994).

Bonner, Raymond, "War, Blockade and Poverty Are 'Strangling' Armenians," New York Times National (Apr 16, 1994).

Bonner, Raymond, "Yerevan Journal; Landlocked and Alone, Armenia Fears the Winter," New York Times National (Aug 9, 1993).

Bonner, Yelena, "The Truth is Needed," Armenian Life Weekly (July 13, 1990).

Bonner, Yelena, "The Truth is Needed," Kommunist Moscow (June 19, 1990).

Borowiec, Andrew, "Armenia official sees no winner in enclave war," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (July 15, 1993).

Borowiec, Andrew, "Baltics are 'Soviet Problem,' Moscow Warns Washington," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (May 29, 1990).

Borowiec, Andrew, "Ethnic unrest puts Gorbachev on hot seat," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (Mar 1, 1988).

Boulton, Leyla, "A helicopter crash has threatened to bury efforts to end economic and guerrilla warfare between the republics of Azerbaijan and Armenia," Financial Times (Nov 25, 1991).

Boulton, Leyla, "Armenia seeks Turkish grain," Financial Times (Sept 7, 1992).

Boulton, Leyla, "Azerbaijan denies agreeing to talks over Nagorno - Karabakh," Financial Times (Mar 28, 1992).

Boulton, Leyla, "Republican foes hold talks," Financial Times (Nov 28, 1991).

Boulton, Leyla, "Troops to leave Nagorno-Karabakh," Financial Times (Feb 29, 1992).

Bournoutian, George, "The Academic War over Karabakh," AIM (December 1993).

Bournoutian, George, "Rewriting History: Recent Azeri Alterations of Primary Sources Dealing with Karabakh," Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies 6 (1992,1993), pp. 185-190.

Brand, David, "Vision of Horror: As dazed Armenians struggle with death and despair, Gorbachev tries to ease the quake's impact on ethnic strife and an ailing economy," Time (Dec 26, 1988).

Brown, John, "Turkish premier to bolster links with central Asia," Financial Times (Apr 27, 1992).

Brown, John Murray, "Russia holds key to Turkish regional peace hopes," Financial Times (May 26, 1992).

Brown, John Murray, "Turkey calls for UN support in Armenia conflict," Financial Times (Apr 6, 1993).

Brown, John Murray, "Turkish plea over Nagorno-Karabakh," Financial Times (May 11, 1992).

Brumley, Bryan, "Blockade's Grip Grows Icy," Detroit News Detroit (Feb 17, 1993).

Bruni, Frank, "Some Detroit observers point out Soviet problems," Free Press Detroit (Oct 16, 1990).

Buchan, David, "Turkish threat to cut off Armenia: Nagorno-Karabakh conflict may extend beyond former Soviet borders," Financial Times (May 7, 1992).

Buckley, Neil, "Armenians likely to back independence," Financial Times (Sept 21, Sept 22, 1991).

Buckley, Neil, "Georgian capital again on the brink of armed conflict," Financial Times (Sept 27, 1991).

Buckley, William F., "Who cares about Azerbaijan? You should," The Stars and Stripes (Jan 26, 1990).

Buckley, William F., Jr., "The U.S. incorrectly signals the Soviets that using force in Azerbaijan is okay," Free Press Detroit (Jan 23,1990).

Burbank, Jane (ed), "Perestroika and Soviet Culture," Michigan Quarterly Review Ann Arbor, MI (Fall 1989).

Burke, Justin, "Former Soviet Republics Beset by Power Struggles," The Christian Science Monitor (Apr 6, 1993).

Burke, Justin, "Former Soviet Republics Beset by Power Struggles," Christian Science Monitor (Apr 6, 1993).

Burke, Justin, "Respite in Karabakh's See-Saw War: War weariness, stalemate push Armenia and Azerbaijan toward mediated peace process," Christian Science Monitor (Aug 31, 1992).

Bushkoff, Leonard, "Karabagh," Christian Science Monitor (May 4, 1988).

Carey, T. Elaine, "Azerbaijanis mourn their dead, threaten Soviets with sucession," Free Press Detroit (Jan 23,1990).

Carey, T. Elaine, "Troops sent to quell unrest given authorization to shoot," Free Press Detroit (Jan 18,1990).

Carney, James, "Carnage in Karabakh," Time Magazine (Apr 13, 1992).

Christopher Walker, "Kremlin hiding Armenia crises from the world," Times of London (Sept 3, 1988).

Chukasian, Lusik, "Aliev calls on Armenians to come to their senses," The Armenian Weekly (Sept 25, 1993).

Clark, Bruce, "CSCE agrees to Karabakh Peace Operation," Financial Times (Dec 7, 1994).

Clayton, Mark, "Armenians in US Rally to Aid Ancestral Home," Christian Science Monitor (Feb 23, 1993).

Clayton, Mark, "Arminians In US Rally To Aid Ancestral Home," The Christian Science Monitor (Feb 23, 1993).

Clines, Francis X., "A Blood Feud Feeds Unrest In Soviet Area," New York Times National (May 13, 1991).

Clines, Francis X., "Militants vow strike over Soviet crackdown," Free Press Detroit (Jan 22,1990).

Clines, Francis X., "Sharp Rise in Sabotage is Reported in Ethnic Conflict in Azerbaijan," New York Times National (Jan 9, 1990).

Cockrel, Kenneth Jr., "Church backs Armenian cause: Protesters' wish to link regions picks up Detroit support," Free Press Detroit (Feb 29, 1988).

Colitt, Leslie, "Soviet hawkers sell off empire's army gear," Financial Times (June 20, 1991).

Conradi, Peter, "Death at dawn in Armenian: Voskepar, on the Armenian-Azerbaijan border," The European (May 17, 1991).

Cooperman, Alan, "At least 15 Armenians die fighting," Free Press Detroit (May 8, 1991).

Corley, Felix, "Nagorno-Karabakh: An Eyewitness Account," Jane's Intelligence Review Vol. 6 No. 4 (April 1994).

Corley, Felix, "The Forgotten War," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Mar 3, 1994).

Cornwell, Susan, "Soviet troops face ambushes, threats as resistance grows: Withdrawal deadline is today," Free Press Detroit (Jan 24, 1990).

Cowell, Alan, "Crackdown is causing Turks to be Torn by Anger and Desire to Keep Ties," New York Times National (Jan 24, 1990).

Cowell, Alan, "Turkey Loses Its Allure as a Patron in Central Asian Nations," New York Times National (Aug 4, 1993).

Cowell, Alan, "Turkish leader warns West of Azerbaijan religious war," New York Times National (Mar 12, 1992).

Cox News Service and New York Times, "Soviets roll into city to curtail fighting," Free Press Detroit (Jan 20,1990).

CP, "Armenia talking tough," Windsor Star Windsor, Ont (Feb 3, 1992).

CP, "Azerbaijani leader quits: Violence expected to grow," Windsor Star Windsor, Ont (Mar 7, 1992).

CP, "CIS orders its troops to leave disputed region," Windsor Star Windsor, Ont (Feb 29, 1992).

CP, "Ex-republics' death toll up 200," Windsor Star Windsor, Ont (Mar 9, 1992).

CP, "Former Soviet republics blame bloodbath on Russia," Windsor Star Windsor, Ont (Mar 6, 1992).

CP, "Security forum team sent to disputed Soviet enclave," Windsor Star Windsor, Ont (Feb 1, 1992).

Crossette, Barbara, "NATO Eyes Military Role To Halt Azerbaijani Feud," New York Times National (Mar 11, 1992).

Cullen, Robert, "A Reporter at Large: Roots," The New Yorker (Apr 15, 1991).

Cullen, Robert, "Roots: A Reporter at Large, Part II," Asbarez English Weekly (Apr 27, 1991).

Cuneo, P., "La Basilique de Tsitsernakavank (Cicernakavank) dans le Karabagh," Revue des Etudes Armeniennes Paris, Vol IV (1967).

Cutler, B.J., "," Concord Monitor & New Hamshire Patriot Concord, NH (Apr 28, 1994).

Dahlburg, John-Thor, "Armennians recount ethnic protests: Mob mutilated, raped and killed, witnesses say," Detroit News Detroit (Mar 9, 1988).

De Witt, Karen, "Armenian-Americans: 'Time to give back'," USA Today (Dec 13, 1988).

Dejevsky, Mary, "Gorbachev declares an emergency in Armenia," Times London (sept 22 1988).

Der Bedrosian, Levon, "Text of keynote address by Armenian President Levon Der Bedrosian at Parliament," Armenian Reporter (Dec 20, 1990).

Det News wire services, "Afgan vets to join fight," Detroit News Detroit (Jan 18, 1990).

Det News Wire Services, "Azerbaijan riots called a 'civil war'," Detroit News Detroit (Jan 17, 1990).

Det. News wire services, "Gorbachev says he won't quit party post," Detroit News Detroit (Jan 31, 1990).

Detroit News wire services, "Azerbaijan to Soviets: Leave by Wednesday," Detroit News Detroit (Jan 23,1990).

Detroit News wire services, "Azerbaijanis bury dead at mass funeral," Detroit News Detroit (Jan 22,1990).

Dobbs, Michael, "2 Die as Riots, Protests Flare Anew in Azerbaijan," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Jan 14, 1990).

Dobbs, Michael, "Armenia Says it Can Defy Soviet Laws," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Jan 12, 1990).

Dobbs, Michael, "Armenian Vigilantes Enlist, Move Off to Battle Azerbaijanis," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Jan 17, 1990).

Dobbs, Michael, "Kremlin Urges Local Power Shift," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Aug 18, 1989).

Dominique/Reuters, "Volunteers from the Armenian Liberation Army stand guard in front of tanks in Yerevan, in the Soviet capital of Armenia," Free Press Detroit (Jan 19,1990).

Donabedian, P., "Une Nouvelle Mise au Point sur L'Albanie du Caucase," Revue des Etudes Armeniennes Paris, Vol XXI (1988-89).

Doyle, Michael, "Armenian Groups Seek Clearance for Quake Help," Fresno Bee Fresno, CA (Oct 13, 1989).

Duckett, Richard, "Armenian struggle on film," Telegran & Gazette (June 8, 1993).

Dudwick, Nora, "The Case of the Caucasian Albanians: Ethnohistory and Ethnic Politics," Cahiers du Monde Russe et Sovietique Paris, Vol XXXI (2-3) (April-September 1990).

Dumezil, H., "Une Chretiente Disparue, les Albaniens du Caucase," Melanges Asiatiques Paris, Part I (1940-41).

Dyer, Gwynne, "Soviet Moslems: On the way out," Jerusalem Post Jerusalem (Mar 23, 1990).

Echikson, William, "Karabagh," Christian Science Monitor (Mar 18, 1988).

Editor, "Balayan tells of situation in Artsakh," The Armenian Weekly (Feb 10, 1990).

Editor, "Russian Interventions," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Aug 10, 1994).

Efron, Sonni, "Crippled Capital," Detroit News Detroit (Feb 28, 1993).

Efron, Sonni, "Crippled Capital," Detroit News Detroit (Feb 28, 1993).

Erlanger, Steven, "Caucasus War: Any Role for Moscow?," New York Times National (Mar 13, 1992).

Evans, Robert, "Armenian Protestors Also Recall 'Genocide'," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (Apr 25, 1989).

Fecci, JoMarie, "Combat in the Caucasus," Soldier of Fortune Magazine (Aug 1993).

Fein, Esther B., "Armenia Fighting Levels Off; Toll is 23," New York Times National (May 29, 1990).

Fein, Esther B., "Freed Armenian Prisoners Find Their Cause Very Much Alive," New York Times National (Aug 27, 1989).

Fein, Esther B., "Gorbachev Said to Have Approved Baltic Broadside," New York Times National (Aug 30, 1989).

Fein, Esther B., "Karabagh," New York Times (June 21, 1988).

Fein, Esther B., "Soviet Military Transport Jet Crashes in Caspian, Killing 57," New York Times National (Oct 20, 1989).

Fein, Esther B., "Soviet Military Transport Plane Crashes Into Caspian, Killing 57," New York Times National (Oct 20, 1989).

Feldman, Linda, "Moscow, Tehran Share Aims on Border Unrest," Christian Science Monitor (Jan 9, 1990).

Feldman, Linda, "Supreme Soviet Asked To Review Demands," The Christian Science Monitor (Jan 25, 1990).

Feldmenn, Linda, "Moscow Loses Face Over Azerbaijan," Christian Science Monitor (Jan 31, 1990).

Feldmenn, Linda, "Soviet Rein in Azeri Nationalists," Christian Science Monitor (Jan 29, 1990).

Felicity Barringer, "1400 Arrests Reported in Tense Armenian Capital," New York Times (Nov 29, 1988).

Felicity Barringer, "3 Soviet Soldiers Die As Riots Flare Anew in Southern Region," New York Times (Nov 24, 1988).

Felicity Barringer, "Rioting in Azerbaijian leaves 3 soldiers dead," Detroit Free Press (Nov 24, 1988).

Felicity Beringer, "Rioting In Azerbaijani Leaves 3 Soldiers Dead," Detroit Free Press (Nov 24, 1988).

Fisher, Dan, "No Troop Pullout from Azerbaijan, Kremlin Official Indicates," Los Angeles Times Los Angeles (Jan 31,1990).

Foell, Earl W., "Karabagh," Christian Science Monitor (Mar 8, 1988).

Freeland, Chrystia, "Azerbaijan yesterday announced that Armenian forces captured the strategic southern city of Gebrail and were within striking distance of the Iranian border," Financial Times (Aug 20, 1993).

Friedman, Thomas L., "As Some Nations Build, the Past Devours Others," New York Times National (July 12, 1992).

Friedman, Thomas L., "Baker Opens Tour Of The Caucasus: Secretary Promises Relations After Democracy Pledges," New York Times National (Feb 12, 1992).

From our correspondents Kelbajar and Baku, "Retreating," The Economist (April 10, 1993).

Furtado, Charles (ed), "Nationalities Papers: The Ex-Soviet Nationalities Without Gorbachev," Association for the Study of the Nationalities of the USSR and Eastern Europe Vol XX/Number 2 (Fall 1992).

Gelb, Leslie H., "War in Nakhichevan," New York Times National (May 22, 1992).

Genillard, Ariane, "Deadlock in an embattled enclave," Financial Times (Sept 11, 1991).

Gertx, Bill, "Armenia Seen as sign of Soviet deterioration," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (Feb 26, 1988).

Geyer, Georgie Anne, "Old grandeur now a fatal attraction," Sarasota Herald-Tribune Florida (Feb 24, 1993).

Goldberg, Carey, "David and Goliath in Caucasus: Fiesty Karabakh Armenians are defying the odds in a battle to liberate their tiny enclave from Azerbaijan.," Los Angeles Times Los Angeles, CA (Apr 21, 1994).

Goldberg, Carey, "Deprived of Food, Fuel, Armenians Threaten Self-Defense," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (Oct 12, 1989).

Goldenberg, Suzanne, "Poor Pickings for Armenian Looters among the burnt-out Buildings of fallen Azeri town: Suzanne Goldberg in Agdam reports on the desolation wreaked by the war in Nagorno-Karabakh," The Guardian (Nov 2, 1993).

Goldfarb, Alex, "Today, Armenia; Tomorrow...," New York Times National (May 22, 1988).

Goldman, Ari L., "To Armenians In New York, A Bitter Grief," New York Times National (Dec 12, 1988).

Goldstein, Steve, "A Violent Tug of War Over Enclave: Armenians and Azerbaijanis Cannot Agree on Who Should Control the Fertile Region of Nagorno-Karabakh," Philadelphia Inquirer Philadelphia, PA (Oct 1, 1989).

Goldstein, Steve, "Karabagh," Miami Herald (Mar 12, 1988).

Goldstein, Steve, "Kremlin uses troops in attempt to stifle protest in Azerbaijan," Los Angeles News (Jan 4, 1990).

Goltz, Thomas, "Letter from Eurasia," Foreign Policy No 92 (Fall 1993).

Goltz, Thomas, "Severed Ears, Slavery and the Azeri 8: A Forgotten, Brutal War," Washington Post Washington D.C. (Aug 7, 1994).

Goltz, Thomas, "The Author Replies," Foreign Policy No 94 (Spring 1994).

Gonzales, Enrique J., "Soviet Leader Gets Earful From Protesters at Embassy," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (May 31, 1990).

Gorbachev, Mikhail, "Karabagh," New York Times (July 20, 1988).

Gorbachev, Mikhail S., "Karabagh," New York Times (Feb 27, 1988).

Goshgarian, G.M., "Book of Brilliant Days: Karabakh According to Myriam Gaume," AIM (August 1993).

Green, Charles, "Bush OKs new link to Russia: Gorbachev leaves, handing nuclear control to Yeltsin," Free Press Detroit (Dec 26, 1991).

Greenberger, Robert S., "Fight Between Former Soviet Republics Is Seen Becoming Balkans-Like Disaster," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Apr 19, 1993).

Greenhouse, Steven, "Armenia Says It Would Welcome Russian Peacekeeping Offer," New York Times National (Aug 12, 1994).

Gregorian, A., "The Railway Cars are arriving in Nagorno-Karabakh, but...," Armenpress Report (Oct 20, 1990).

Grigorian, Lilya, "What is Happening in Armenia?," Across Frontiers Vol. 5, #2 (Summer 1989).

Gumbel, Peter, "Azerbaijani-Armenian fighting highlights a Gorbachev problem," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Jan 17, 1990).

Gumbel, Peter, "New ethnic violence, Armenian strike pose a dangerous problem for Gorbachev," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Sept 21 988).

Gumbel, Peter, "Old Armenia capital spawns Nationalism challenging Soviets: Workers rally each night in Yerevan Opera Square; 'Where is Perestroika?'," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Sept 26, 1988).

Gumbel, Peter, "Soviets Decide against shifting disputed area," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green, OH (July 19, 1988).

Gumbel, Peter, "Soviets decide against shifting disputed area," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green, OH (July 19, 1988).

Gumbel, Peter, "Use of Force Is Risky Gorbachev Gamble," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Jan 22, 1990).

Halpin, Tony, "Life In Armenia: Steel Your Nerves," The Armenian Reporter New York (Aug 8, 1992).

Hanna, Janan, "U.S. Pays Tab To Ship Supplies To Armenia," Chicago Tribune (Feb 15, 1993).

Hanna, Janan, "U.S. pays tab to ship supplies to Armenia," Chicago Tribune Chicago, Illinois (Feb 15, 1993).

Hargreaves, Deborah, "BP's talks on Azeri fields suspended," Financial Times (June 29, 1993).

Harsch, Joseph C., "Karabagh," Christian Science Monitor (Mar 8, 1988).

Harutiunian, B., "The Administrative and Political Situation in the Northeast Regions of the Kingdom of Greater Armenia in 387-451," Banber Erevani Hamalsarani Yerevan, #2 (1976).

Hasratian, M., "The Artsakhian School of Armenian Architecture: Facts and Falsifications," Lraber Yerevan, #9 (1989).

Heussar-Markun, Regula, "Survival in Armenia," Swiss Review of World Affairs (Feb 2, 1994).

Hewsen, Robert H., "East of Eden: Karabakh in Armenian History," Ararat (Fall, 1990).

Hewsen, Robert H., "The Armenian Noble Families of the Russian Empire," (1981-1982).

Hiatt, Fred, "Shevardnadze Warns Of Republics' Dispute: Armenia, Azerbaijan Escalate Skirmish," Washington Post (November 24, 1991).

Hiatt, Fred, "The Unlikely Official of the Unlikely Republic: American Raffi Hovannisian, Coming to Armenia's Aid," The Washington Post Washington (Nov 13, 1991).

Hill, Fiona, "Russian Foreign Policy and Conflict in the Caucasus," Graduate Training and Research Program on the Contemporary Caucasus Vol. 1, No. 1 (Winter 1995).

Hiltzik, Michael A., "9 Nations Meet on Armenian Drive," Los Angeles Times Los Angeles (Sept 10, 1993).

Hoagland, Jim, "Oil is unlikely topic on Clinton-Yeltsin summit agenda," Free Press Detroit (Sept 27, 1994).

Hofheinz, Paul, "On the Edge of Civil War," Time (Oct 23, 1989).

Hohvannisian, Nikolai, "The Republic of Armenia: Politics and Diplomacy," Graduate Training and Research Program on the Contemporary Caucasus Vol. 1, No. 1 (Winter 1995).

Holmes, Paul, "Turkey called an agitator in Armenia," Free Press Detroit (Mar 9, 1992).

Horne, A.D., "Armenian Leader Argues for Russian Truce Force," Washington Post Washington D.C. (Aug 11, 1994).

Hovannisian, Raffi K., "Forgotten Armenia," The Christian Science Monitor (Feb 5, 1993).

Hovannisian, Raffi K., "The Kremlin's Armenian Persecution Plan," The Christian Science Monitor (Aug 27, 1991).

Hovannisian, Richard, "A Question of Justice for a People Torn Apart," Los Angeles Times Los Angeles (Mar 1, 1988).

Hovannisian, Richard, "Nationalist Ferment in Armenia," Freedom at Issue (Nov-Dec 1988).

Hovannisian, Richard, "US must take interest in Armenia," Las Vegas Review-Journal (Oct 4 1988).

Hovannisian, Richard G., "Armenia and the Caucasus in the Genesis of the Soviet-Turkish Entente," Int. Journal of Middle East Studies No. 4 (1973).

Hovannisian, Richard G., "Nationalist Ferment in Armenia," Freedom at Issue (Nov/Dec 1988).

Hovannisian, Richard G., "The Armeno-Azerbaijani Conflict over Mountainous Karabakh, 1918-1919," Armenian Review (Summer 1971).

Husarska, Anna, "Burned-Out," New Republic (Jan 24, 1994).

Huseinov, R., "La conquete de l'Azerbaidjan par les Seldjoucides," Bedo Karlisa, revue de Kartvelologie Paris, Vols. 19-20 (1965).

Huttenbach, Henry (ed), "Nationalities Papers," Association for the Study of the Nationalities of the USSR and Eastern Europe Vol XXI/Number 2 (Fall 1993).

Huttenbach, Henry (ed), "Nationalities Papers: The Soviet Nationalities against Gorbachev: Proceedings of a Conference Sponsored on Nationality and Siberian Studies.," Association for the Study of the Nationalities of the USSR and Eastern Europe Vol XVIII/Number 1 (Spring 1990).

Huttenbach, Henry (ed), "Nationalities Papers: The Soviet Nationalities despite Gorbachev: Proceedings of a Conference Sponsored on Nationality and Siberian Studies.," Association for the Study of the Nationalities of the USSR and Eastern Europe Vol XIX/Number 1 (Spring 1991).

Huttenbach, Henry (ed), "Nationalities Papers: With a Special Focus on the Baltics," Association for the Study of the Nationalities of the USSR and Eastern Europe Vol XVII/Number 2 (Fall 1989).

Imse, Ann, "Armenia declares independence from Moscow, seeks army," Free Press Detroit (Aug 24, 1990).

Imse, Ann, "Soviet leaders gather as crisis of nationalities rends the nation," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (Sept 19, 1989).

Jakobson, A., "The Monastery at Gandzasar and the Khachkars: Facts and Fictions," Patma-Banasirakan Handes Yerevan, #2 (1984).

Jee, Gary, "Tass Reports New Violence in Azerbaijan," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Mar 1, 1988).

John, Lloyd, "Wealthy, beautiful, and bleeding," Financial Times (Mar 7, 1994).

JTA, "Jews among Azerbaijani casualties," Washington Jewish Week Washington, D.C. (Jan 18, 1990).

Kamm, Henry, "Turkey is looking for advantage in region's new ex-Soviet nations," New York Times National (June 27, 1992).

Kaprielian, M. Manoog, "Silent Pain: Treating the psychological trauma of Armenia's earthquake victims," Armenian Life Weekly Issue 15-Vol. VI (Jan 18, 1991).

Kaputikian, Silva, "An Open Letter to the Noble Supporters of the Sciences, Culture and the Media," The Armenian Weekly (Supplement) (June 11, 1988).

Karamanoukian, Armenouhi, "Notables join hunger strike in Moscow: Gorbachev meets with Armenian and Azeri leaders," Armenian Reporter (Sept 20, 1990).

Kasbarian, John Antranig, "To the Editor," Foreign Policy No 94 (Spring 1994).

Kasparov, Gary, "The Seven Blind Summiteers," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (July 30, 1991).

Katell, Andrew, "Armenia: Reports mixed on protest that closes capital," Detroit News Detroit (Feb 26, 1988).

Katell, Andrew, "Soviets send tanks, troops to areas of ethnic unrest," Free Press Detroit ().

Kechichian, Joseph, "Nagorno-Karabagh: From Stalin to Gorbachev," Armenian Life Weekly (Sept 21, 1990).

Keller, Bill, "A Deadly Feud Tears at Enclave On Gorbachev's Southern Flank," New York Times (Sept 5, 1989).

Keller, Bill, "A Deadly Feud Tears at Enclave on Gorbachev's Southern Flank," New York Times National (Sept 5, 1989).

Keller, Bill, "Armenian Area in Azerbaijan Is on Strike, Moscow Reports," New York Times New York (Mar 29, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Armenian Capital is roused by calls for new freedoms: Political rallies spread: Nationalists widen demands to include some self-rule, strikes threatened," New York Times National (Sept 5, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Armenian Capitol is Roused by Calls for New Freedoms," New York Times National (Sept 5, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Armenian vote seeks to annex region claimed by Azerbaijan," Free Press Detroit (June 16, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Armenians and glasnost: Soviet press debate on regional discord underlines party split on Democratization," New York Times National (Mar 28, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Armenians Are Warned Not to Protest," New York Times National (Mar 24, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Armenians Are Warned Not to Protest," New York Times New York (Mar 24, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Armenians Astir: Write-in Candidate wins 78%," New York Times National (Oct 12, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Azerbaijan witness tells of battles," Portland Oregonian Portland (Jan 21, 1990).

Keller, Bill, "Azerbaijanis agree to end rail embargo of Armenia," New York Times New York City (Oct 11, 1989).

Keller, Bill, "Azerbaijanis Agree to End Rail Embargo of Armenia," New York Times National (Oct 11, 1989).

Keller, Bill, "Force as a Last Resort: Armed Power Salvages Moscow's Fading Authority," New York Times National (Jan 29,1990).

Keller, Bill, "Getting Tough, Soviets Expel Armenian Dissident," New York Times National (jul 21 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Gunfire erupts in tense Soviet city," New York Times National (Sept 20, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Gunfire erupts in Tense Soviet City," New York Times National (Sept 26, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Karabagh," New York Tims (Apr 3, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Karabagh," New York Times (June 14, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Karabagh," New York Times (Mar 29, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Karabagh," New York Times (June 15, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Karabagh," New York Times (June 16, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Karabagh," New York Times (July 20, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Karabagh," New York Times (June 11, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Karabagh," New York Times (Mar 24, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Moscow Gives Disputed Area Back to Azerbaijan," New York Times New York (Nov 29, 1989).

Keller, Bill, "Moscow Imposes Emergency Decree In Ethnic Conflict," New York Times (Sept 22, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "MOSCOW, Jan. 28 - It now seems clear that the main reason that the Soviet militiary stormed Baku on the morning of Jan. 20 was to prevent the Communist government of the Azerbaijan republic from falling...," New York Times National (Jan 29, 1990).

Keller, Bill, "Nationalism of Armenians stirring fears," New York Times National (Sept 12, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Nationalists in Azerbaijan Win Big Concessions From Party Chief," New York Times National (Oct 13, 1989).

Keller, Bill, "Parts of Armenia are blocked off by Soviet troops: A major show of force: Nationalist demonstrations also break out in Georgia and police detain 15," New York Times National (Sept 23, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Political Houdini keeps wriggling free," Free Press Detroit (Feb 6, 1990).

Keller, Bill, "Riot's legacy of distrust quietly stalks Soviet city," New York Times National (Aug 31 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Rioting Reported in Soviet Uzbekistan as Nationalist Tension Flares," New York Times New York (June 5, 1989).

Keller, Bill, "Soviet Drama: 3 Generals Held By Crowd," New York Times (Sept 8, 1989).

Keller, Bill, "Soviet troops crack down on insurgents in republic," Free Press Detroit (Jan 25,1990).

Keller, Bill, "Soviet troops face growing disorder," Free Press Detroit (Jan 19,1990).

Keller, Bill, "Soviet TV Provides Extensive Coverage of Its Ethnic Rioting," New York Times (Apr 27, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Strike in Disputed Soviet Enclave Reportedly Ends Despite Disquiet," New York Times (July 26, 1988).

Keller, Bill, "Turkic Republics Press Soviets to Loosen Reins," New York Times (Sept 3, 1989).

Keller, Bill, "Turkic Republics Press Soviets to Loosen Reins," New York Times National (Sept 3, 1989).

Kempe, Frederick, "Soviet unrest poses greatest challenge to Gorbachev since he assumed power," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Mar 1, 1988).

Kenny, Timothy, "30 Die in Soviet Ethnic Riots," USA Today (Jan 15, 1990).

Kohan, John, "A Journey into Misery," Time (Dec 26, 1988).

Kohen, Sami, "Turkey Finds Its Influence Waning, as Russia's Rises," Christian Science Monitor (Sep 9, 1993).

Koklanaris, Maria, "Views Clash Here on Soviet Civil Warfare," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Jan 26, 1990).

Kourtjian, Ralph S., "Tell The World About Azerbaijan," Detroit News Detroit (Oct 6, 1992).

Kramer, Janice, "Armenian leader's visit stirs ethnic pride," The Eccentric Southfield (Aug 18, 1994).

Krikorian, Van Z., "Armenian Tragedies--The Darkest of Precedents," Vermont Bar Journal & Law Digest (June 1990).

Kurdian, H., "The Newly Discovered Alphabet of Caucasian Albanians," Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (1956).

Lee, Gary, "Armenian Protest Has Become Nationalist Cause," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Mar 30, 1988).

Lee, Gary, "Armenians Gather in Moscow Exchange Grim Accounts of Soviet Armenians," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Mar 9, 1988).

Lee, Gary, "Armenians Say Soviet Force Discourages Planned Protests," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Mar 26, 1988).

Lee, Gary, "Karabagh," Washington Post (July 7, 1988).

Lee, Gary, "Kremlin Ousts a Local Party Chief in Bid to Halt Armenian Protests," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Feb 25, 1988).

Lee, Gary, "Kremlin Adopts Plan For Armenian Minority," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Apr 5, 1988).

Lee, Gary, "More Street Protests Reported in Armenia," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Mar 23, 1988).

Lee, Gary, "Moscow Turns Down Armenia in Quest for Ethnic Enclave," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (July 19, 1988).

Lee, Gary, "Soviet Force Sent to Armenia," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Feb 26, 1988).

Lee, Gary, "Soviet Troops Patrol Armenian Capital," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Mar 25, 1988).

Lee, Gary, "Soviets begin crackdown in Armenia," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (July 22, 1988).

Lee, Gary, "Tensions Build as Ruling on Soviet Region Nears," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Mar 21, 1988).

Levene, Steve, "Armenian president faces stiff protests," Financial Times (Aug 18, 1992).

LeVine, Steve, "Azerbaijan rebel wants top posts," Financial Times (June 21, 1991).

LeVine, Steve, "Azeris recall Brezhnev era leader," Financial Times (June 16, 1993).

LeVine, Steve, "Oilmen ignore Azerbaijan risks," Financial Times (June 23, 1993).

LeVine, Steve, "Stalin's map explodes," Financial Times (Mar 7, 1994).

Levine, Steve, "Two small towns hold key to peace. The ceasfire in Nagorno-Karabakh may be a year old but the territorial conflict goes on," Financial Times (June 7, 1995).

LeVine, Steve, "War takes brief respite in Nagorno-Karabakh," Financial Times (Feb 28, 1992).

LeVine, Steve, "When the Victem Becomes the Bully; Armenia: Winning is bad for its reputation," Newsweek (Nov 29, 1993).

Levine, Steve, "When the Victim Becomes the Bully," Newsweek (Nov 29, 1993).

LeVine, Steve, "Yeltsin struggles to calm N Ossetia flare-up," Financial Times (Nov 7, Nov 8, 1992).

lloyd, John, "Armenia appeals for CIS aid," Financial Times (Aug 11, 1992).

Lloyd, John, "Armenia attacks key town in Azerbaijan," Financial Times (May 18, 1992).

Lloyd, John, "Armenian-Azeri dispute 'a war' says CIS chief," Financial Times (Mar 14, 1992).

Lloyd, John, "Armenians close in on Azeri town," Financial Times (July 5, 1993).

Lloyd, John, "Azerbaijan sends in new troops," Financial Times (July 7, 1993).

Lloyd, John, "Azeris may join CIS and improve chances of peace," Financial Times (Sep 7, 1993).

Lloyd, John, "Azeris offer peace talks," Financial Times (Sept 9, 1993).

Lloyd, John, "Between Russia, Turkey and Asia," Financial Times (Mar 7, 1994).

Lloyd, John, "Breaking the ranks," Financial Times (Dec 15, 1991).

Lloyd, John, "Caucasus Crisis Lures Russia into Old Imperial Role," Financial Times (Oct 13, 1992).

Lloyd, John, "Defiant outpost awaits the Armenian onslaught," Financial Times (July 6, 1993).

Lloyd, John, "Fighting rages in Karabakh," Financial Times (June 15, 1992).

Lloyd, John, "Iranian troops gathering on Azeri border," Financial Times (Sept 3, 1993).

Lloyd, John, "Karabakh conflict worsens," Financial Times (Feb 22, Feb 23, 1992).

Lloyd, John, "Shevarnadze Hope Of Karabakh Peace," Financial Times (Feb 11, 1993).

Lloyd, John, "The cauldron in the Caucasus," Financial Times (May 26, 1992).

Lloyd, John, "The small wars are a big problem for Russia," Financial Times (Oct 6, 1992).

Lodge, Robin, "Armenia, Azerbaijan agree to halt clashes along border," Detroit News Detroit (Feb 4, 1990).

Lyons, Jonathan, "Azeri fighters fear apathy in capital," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (Mar 27, 1992).

Madigan, Charles M., "Kremlin Aide Rips Azerbaijani Officials," Chicago Tribune Chicago (Jan 31, 1990).

Mahjoubian, Charles N., "Glasnost and Armenia," Suburban and Wayne Times (Aug 11, 1988).

Mak, Geert, "War and Fear Bring Isolation to Armenia 'A Forgotten Speck on the Map'," World Press Review (Oct 1993).

Mamedova, F., "Le probleme de l'ethnos albano-caucasien," Cahiers du Monde Russe et Sovietique Paris, Vol. XXXI (2-3) (April-September 1990).

Marashlian, Levon, "Turks and Armenians Agree: Karabagh is not a religious issue," AIM (July 1990).

Maresca, John J., "Agony of Indifference in Nagorno-Karabakh: West must step in if it doesn't want to see Russia impose a solution - and restore its influence," The Christian Science Monitor (June 27, 1994).

Marks, Simon, "As a Key Azeri City Falls, War Threatens to Widen," The Christian Science Monitor (Aug 25, 1993).

Marutian, A., "The Ethno-Cultural Characteristics of Artsakh," Lraber Yerevan, #6 (1989).

Masih, Joseph, "Military Strategy in Nagorno-Karabakh," Jane's Intelligence Review Vol. 6 No. 4 (April 1994).

Mauthner, Robert, "CSCE breaks Karabakh deadlock," Financial Times (Mar 26, 1992).

Mauthner, Robert, "CSCE decides urgent action on Karabakh," Financial Times (Mar 25, 1992).

Mauthner, Robert, "CSCE set for fresh effort over Nagorno-Karabakh," Financial Times (Mar 24, 1992).

McKinsey, Kitty, "Azerbaijanis reject Armenia's quest for control over small region," Free Press Detroit (July 18, 1988).

Meek, James, "Armenia's offensive may prove costly," Guardian Weekly (Apr 18, 1993).

Melloan, George, "Gorbachev's Troop Use Should Give US Pause," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (May 13, 1991).

Melloan, George, "Yeltsin Guides a New Russian Empire Into Being," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Nov 15, 1993).

Meyer, Cord, "Learning the hard way about the risks," Christian Science Monitor (Apr 1, 1988).

Mikaelian, V., "Historical Questions Relative to Mountainous Karabagh," Lraber Yerevan, #4 (1988).

Mitchell, Alison, "Armenia's Future," Newsday (Dec 27, 1988).

Mitchell, Charles, "Soviets reject Armenian demands: Nagorno-Karabakh secession bid spurned," Free Press Detroit (July 19, 1988).

Mollazade, Gaihun, "'One-Sided' View Harms Azerbaijan," The Washington Times Washnington (Jan 17, 1993).

Monteflore, Simon Sebag, "Ordeal by bullet, shell and arak," Sunday Telegraph (Oct 31, 1993).

Morrison, James, "Embassy Row," The Washington Times Washington, D.C. (Feb 22, 1994).

Musheghian, A., "Pseudo-Albanian Literature and Its Apologists," Lraber Yerevan, #8 (1989).

na, "An Outline of the Historical Background and the Juridical Basis of the Territorial Claims of the Armenians," Armenian Affairs, 1,1 New York (1949-1950).

Nadler, Gerald, "Armenians close to victory in Karabakh," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (May 13, 1992).

Nahaylo, Bohdan, "Non-Russian Soviets test Glasnost," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Mar 17, 1988).

Nahaylo, Bohdan, "Non-Russian Soviets Test Glasnost," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green, OH (Mar 17, 1988).

News wire services, "Protest strike shuts factories in Soviet city," Detroit News Detroit (Mar 28, 1988).

News wire services, "Soviet troops secure Azerbaijan," Detroit News Detroit (Jan 21,1990).

Nicholson, Mark, "At least three people have died in clashes in the disputed enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh since the leaders of Armenia and Azerbaijan agreed to call a ceasefire in the region and start peace talks," Financial Times (Sept 27, 1991).

Nicholson, Mark, "Azerbaijan and Armenia agree to talk peace," Financial Times (Sept 25, 1991).

O'Neill, Juliet, "Conflict decimates ex-Soviet regiment," Windsor Star Windsor, Ont (Mar 9, 1992).

Office of Research and Analysis, "Monthly Digest of News From Armenia," Armenian Assembly of America Washington, D.C. (April 1993 onwards).

Pace, Eric, "Centuries of Strife between 2 Groups," New York Times National (Jan 17, 1990).

Papazian, Dennis, "Armenian leader's visit a proud day for Americans," The Eccentric (Aug 25, 1994).

Parker, John, "Azerbaijanis and Armenians accept Baltic Mediation Offer," Financial Times (Jan 30, 1990).

Parks, Michael, "Armenians, Azerbaijanis OK Talks," Los Angeles Times Los Angeles (Jan 29, 1990).

Parks, Michael, "Nationalists in Armenia Form New Movement," Los Angeles Times Los Angeles, CA (November 6, 1989).

Parks, Michael, "Soviet Railway System Crippled by Strikes, Blockades, Mismanagement," Los Angeles Times Los Angeles, CA (Oct 24, 1989).

Parks, Michael, "Troop Call-Up Leaves Ethnic Russians Bitter," Los Angeles Times Los Angeles (Jan 29, 1990).

Parks, Michael, "Unrest Over in Armenia, Soviets Say," Los Angeles Times (Sept 24, 1988).

Parsegian, Lawrence, "The War That Shouldn't Be," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Mar 22, 1994).

Pashayev, Hafiz Mir Jalal, "The War That Shouldn't Be," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Mar 22, 1994).

Paul Quinn-Judge, "Former police state can't muster enough force to put down unrest," Free Press Detroit (Jan 17, 1990).

Pear, Robert, "Karabagh," New York Times (Mar 6, 1988).

Peel, Quentin, "Karabakh Chief Rejects Call to End Moscow Rule," Financial Times (Nov 2, 1989).

Peneketh, Anne, "Soviet Armenians fear new 'genocide'," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (Mar 9, 1988).

Philip Taubman, "Soviet Army Puts Armenian Capital Under its Control," New York Times (Nov 26, 1988).

Philip Taubman, "Soviets Appeal For Calm In Republics," Detroit Free Press (Nov 25, 1988).

Philip Taubman, "Soviets Ask Halt in Ethnic Unrest in 2 Republics," New York Times (Nov 25, 1988).

Philip Taubman, "Soviets Overrule Estonia, Upholding the National Law," New York Times (Nov 27, 1988).

Pipes, Daniel, "Moscow's Next Worry: Ethnic Turks," Philadelphia Inquirer (Mar 1, 1990).

Pogosyan, Genrikh, "Karabagh: A way to Understanding," Moscow News Moscow (Aug 21-27, 1988).

Porubcansky, Mark, "Armenia issue sparks violence; curfew starts," Free Press Detroit (Sept 22 1988).

Porubcansky, Mark J., "General strike reportedly shuts Armenia; officer dies," Free Press Detroit (June 14, 1988).

Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet, "Karabagh," New York Times (July 20, 1988).

Quinn, Paul Judge, "Gorbachev treads fine line on Armenian Unrest," New York Times New York (Feb 29, 1988).

Quinn-Judge, Paul, "A Land of Seismic and Ethnic Unrest," Christian Science Monitor (Jan 19, 1989).

Quinn-Judge, Paul, "In March to the Polls, Soviets Tread on Taboos," Christian Science Monitor (Mar 27, 1989).

Quinn-Judge, Paul, "Karabagh," Christian Science Monitor (June 15, 1988).

Quinn-Judge, Paul, "Karabagh," Christian Science Monitor (July 20, 1988).

Quinn-Judge, Paul, "Karabagh," Christian Science Monitor (July 2, 1988).

Quinn-Judge, Paul, "Karabagh," Christian Science Monitor (June 16, 1988).

Quinn-Judge, Paul, "Karabagh," Christian Science Monitor (June 24, 1988).

Quinn-Judge, Paul, "Karabagh," Christian Science Monitor (July 21, 1988).

Quinn-Judge, Paul, "Karabagh," Christian Science Monitor (June 8, 1988).

Quinn-Judge, Paul, "Karabagh," Christian Science Monitor (Mar 2, 1988).

Quinn-Judge, Paul, "Karabagh," Christian Science Monitor (Feb 26, 1988).

Quinn-Judge, Paul, "Karabagh," Christian Science Monitor (June 14, 1988).

Quinn-Judge, Paul, "Moscow Moves to Quell Ethnic Unrest in South," Christian Science Monitor (Jan 17, 1989).

Quinn-Judge, Paul, "Soviet Ethnic Troubles Simmer in Provinces," Christian Science Monitor (Sept 6, 1989).

Quinn-Judge, Paul, "Soviet Officials Move to Quell Georgian Trouble," Christian Science Monitor (April 13, 1989).

Quinn-Judge, Paul, "Soviet Officials Move to Quell Georgian Trouble," Christian Science Monitor (Apr 13, 1989).

Quinn-Judge, Paul, "Stepanakert Postcard: Revenge Tragedy," The New Republic (Apr 6, 1992).

Reinhold, Robert, "Karabagh," New York Times (Mar 21, 1988).

Remnick, David, "Armenia has lost faith in Gorbachev," Sunday Tribune (Sept 11, 1988).

Remnick, David, "Azerbaijanis Stage Illegal Demonstration," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Sept 3, 1989).

Remnick, David, "Ethnic Clashes Have Killed 87, Soviets Say," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Feb 8, 1989).

Remnick, David, "Gorbachev Shows His Tough Side: Nationalist movements are learning his tolerance has limits," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Aug 30, 1989).

Remnick, David, "Hate Runs High in USSR's Most Explosive Ethnic Feud," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Sept 6, 1989).

Remnick, David, "Karabagh," International Herald Tribune (Mar 28, 1988).

Remnick, David, "Sakharov Urges Release of Armenian Nationalists," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Feb 4, 1989).

Remnick, David, "Soviet Chief Seen Facing Widespread Nationalist Challenges," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Jan 7, 1990).

Remnick, David, "Soviets Return Region to Azerbaijanis, Angering Armenians," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Nov 29, 1989).

Reuter, "1 Killed as Soviet Troops Open Fire in Disputed Armenian Enclave," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Oct 12, 1989).

Reuter, "20 die, dozens hurt by Azeri attacks," Windsor Star Windsor, Ont (Feb 17, 1992).

Reuter, "Armenian dissidents heed appeal," Detroit News Detroit (July 25, 1988).

Reuter, "Azerbaijan conflict wears on parliament: Opposition seeks Soviet troops," Windsor Star Windsor, Ont (Mar 10, 1992).

Reuter, "Azerbaijani foreign minister Hussein Sadikov yesterdary offered to meet his Armenian counterpart to discuss the worserning conflict over the disputed enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh," Financial Times (Feb 3, 1992).

Reuter, "Azeri troops flee onslaught by Armenians," Windsor Star Windsor, Ont (Feb 27, 1992).

Reuter, "Azeris are on move towards war footing," Financial Times (Mar 25, 1992).

Reuter, "CIS moves to rescue troops," Windsor Star Windsor, Ont (Mar 2, 1992).

Reuter, "Ex-Soviet army unit prepares to quit disputed area," Financial Times (Mar 3, 1992).

Reuter, "Fierce fighting for key Nagorno-Karabakh town," Financial Times (May 9/May 10, 1992).

Reuter, "Gorbachev plan for disputed territory," Financial Times (Nov 26, 1991).

Reuter, "Gorbachev presses drive for new union pact as republics, including Armenia, oppose," Armenian Reporter (Dec 20, 1990).

Reuter, "Heavy losses in Azerbaijan clashes," Financial Times (Sept 17, 1991).

Reuter, "Iranian peace role in Nagorno-Karabakh," Financial Times (Feb 25, 1992).

Reuter, "Karabakh dispute leads to rationing," Financial Times (Mar 26, 1992).

Reuter, "Muslim Azerbaijani women mourn the victims of the civil war with neighboring Christian Armenia at a funeral in Gyandzha, Azerbaijan on Saturday," Detroit News Detroit (Jan 21,1990).

Reuter, "Nato fears grow over Nagorno Karabakh," Financial Times (Mar 5, 1992).

Reuter, "Protests halt army pull-out in Karabakh," Financial Times (Mar 4, 1992).

Reuter, "Relentless ethnic violence threatens stability of CIS," Windsor Star Windsor, Ont (Mar 4, 1992).

Reuter, "Soviet military plane crashes; 57 soldiers die," Detroit News Detroit (Oct 19, 1989).

Reuter, "Thousands of Azerbaijanis surround party headquarters in Baku Saturday demanding the resignation of the communist leadership and withdrawal of troops," Detroit News Detroit (Jan 21,1990).

Reuter, "TV protest coverage angers Armenians," Detroit News Detroit (July, 1988).

Reuter, "Twenty die in Stepanakert missile attack," Financial Times (Feb 20, 1992).

Reuters, "20 reportedly killed in Nagorno-Karabakh," New York Times National (Feb 17, 1992).

Reuters, "Afghan Party Said to Aid Azerbaijan," Boston Globe Boston, MA (Dec 26, 1993).

Reuters, "Armenians gain in new battle with Azerbaijanis," New York Times National (Feb 27, 1992).

Reuters, "Ethnic unrest among Armenians continues in Soviet city," Free Press Detroit (Mar 1, 1988).

Reuters, "Fighting in Nagorno-Karabakh," New York Times National (May 11, 1992).

Reuters, "Kiev to host Karabakh peace talks," Financial Times (Mar 17, 1992).

Reuters, "Party Chief Quits in Muslim Republic: Moscow says move is result of strife in an Azerbaijani area on Iran's border," New York Times National (Jan 6, 1990).

Reuters, "Soviet official: Troops halted a revolution in Azerbaijan," Free Press Detroit (Jan 27,1990).

Reuters, "Tass reports 31 deaths in ethnic riots," Free Press Detroit (Mar 5, 1988).

Robbins, Carla Anne, "Clinton Tries Quiet Diplomacy in Effort To Settle Civil Wars on Russia's Borders," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (July 26, 1993).

Robbins, Carla Anne, "Russian Reforms Survive the Elections, Spelling Promise and Problems for U.S.," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (June 6, 1994).

Ron Popeski, "Fresh Troops sent to quell violence, theft," Free Press Detroit (Jan 17, 1990).

Rossant, Juliette, "Letter from Azerbaijan: Centuries of Hatred, Moments of Terror," Business Week (Mar 30, 1992).

Rowell, Alexis, "Azerbaijanis on defensive as fight intensifies in Karabagh," Los Angeles Times Los Angeles (Feb 7, 1994).

Rowell, Alexis, "U.S. Mercenaries Fight in Azerbaijan," CovertAction (Spring 1994).

Rubinfien, Elisabeth, "Gorbachev Resigns as Soviet President With Dignity, Defiance and Warnings," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Dec 26, 1991).

Rubinfien, Elisabeth, "Russia Is Caught Up in Ethnic Brush Fires: Moscow, Without a Strategy, Reverts to Imperial Ways," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Oct 29, 1992).

Sancton, Thomas, "Defiance in the Streets," Time (Mar 7, 1988).

Sancton, Thomas A., "Defiance in the Streets: Armenians challenge Moscow in a territorial dispute," Time (Mar 7, 1988).

Sancton, Thomas A., "Karabagh," Time (Mar 14, 1988).

Sarkissian, G., "We have Not Yet Seen the Last of the Buniyativ Affair," Lraber Yerevan, #5 (1988).

Saroyan, Mark, "The Karabakh Syndrome and Azerbaijani Politics," Problems of Communism Vol. 39 (Sept/Oct 1990).

Satter, David, "The Seeds of Soviet Instability," Wall Street Journal Bowling Green (Sept 20, 1991).

Schabath, Gene, "Archbishop supports Soviet Armenians," Detroit News Detroit (Feb 29, 1988).

Schmemann, Serge, "Another Post-Soviet State Reassesses Post-Communism," New York Times National (July 4, 1993).

Schmemann, Serge, "Armenians Block Exit By Former Soviet Army," New York Times National (Mar 4, 1992).

Schmemann, Serge, "Ethnic battles flaring in former Soviet fringe," New York Times National (May 24, 1992).

Schmemann, Serge, "In the Caucasus, ancient blood feuds threaten to engulf 2 new republics," New York Times National (July 8, 1992).

Schmemann, Serge, "Veteran Communist Crowns A Comeback in Azerbaijan," New York Times National (July 1, 1993).

Schodolski, Vincent, "Ethnic Dispute has Scent of Civil War," Chicago Tribune Chicago (Oct 29, 1989).

Schodolski, Vincent, "Gorbachev gets a hot potato to handle--Armenian unrest," Chicago Tribune Chicago (July 17, 1988).

Schodolski, Vincent J., "Azerbaijan dispute blocks Armenian quake aid," Free Press Detroit (Nov 3, 1989).

Schodolski, Vincent J., "Gorbachev gets a hot potato to handle: Armenian unrest," Chicago Tribune Chicago (July 17, 1988).

Schodolski, Vincent J., "Soviet decision jolts ethnic rights activists," Chicago Tribune Chicago (July 24, 1988).

Schodoski, Vincent J., "Karabagh," Chicago Tribune (July 17, 1988).

Schrader, Esther, "Armenians relive horror of attacks," Detroit News Detroit (Jan 18, 1990).

Schrader, Esther, "Armenians Take up Arms as Unrest Spreads," Christian Science Monitor (Jan 18, 1990).

Schrader, Esther, "Armenians Who Fled Baku Tell of Atrocities," Los Angeles Times Los Angeles (Jan 18, 1990).

Schrader, Esther, "One Year After the Earthquake," Christian Science Monitor (Dec 14, 1989).

Schrader, Esther, "Seminarians in Search of Armenia's Soul," Boston Globe Boston (Jan 18, 1990).

Sciolino, Elaine, "A Lame-Duck Diplomat Wrestles With a World in Flux," New York Times National (Dec 20, 1992).

Seplow, Stephen, "Armenians in Moscow facing expulsion: Refugees from ethnic violence in Azerbaijan, they are blamed for the city's escalating crime," Philadelpia Inquirer (Nov 18, 1993).

Seward, Deborah, "1,000 Azerbaijanis feared killed," Detroit News Detroit (Mar 4, 1992).

Seward, Deborah, "120 Azerbaijanis' bodies reportedly found," Free Press Detroit (Mar 4, 1992).

Seward, Deborah, "Armenia opts out of Soviet Union," Free Press Detroit (Sept 24, 1991).

Seward, Deborah, "Rebels shoot copter; 40 die: Azerbaijan flying in weapons, Armenia says," Free Press Detroit (Jan 29, 1992).

Shanker, Thom, "Armenian Nationalism Quiet, But Simmering," Chicago Tribune Chicago (Mar 28, 1988).

Shanker, Thom, "Karabagh," Chicago Tribune (Mar 27, 1988).

Shanker, Thom, "Kremlin troops halt Armenian rally plans," Chicago Tribune Chicago (Mar 26, 1988).

Shanker, Thom, "Violence reported by Armenia's Neighbor," Chicago Tribune Chicago (Mar 1, 1988).

Shargorodsky, Sergei, "Armenians, Azerbaijanis agree to terms," Free Press Detroit (Mar 16, 1992).

Shogren, Elizabeth, "Armenia's New Nationalist Leaders Discover The Power Means Problems," Los Angeles Times Los Angeles (Oct 5, 1990).

Sieff, Martin, "Armenian problem is burr under Gorbachev's saddle," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (Mar 14, 1988).

Sieff, Martin, "Kremlin Waited Too Long," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (Jan 16, 1990).

Silver, Eric, "Subdued but Grateful Planeload of Soviet Jews Arrives in Israel," Daily News Bulletin (Jan 24, 1990).

Simone, Louise, "AGBU President Louise Simone Reports on Situation in Armenia," The California Courier (Feb 8, 1990).

Sloane, Wendy, "Moscow Ready to Deploy Troops In Troubled Enclave of Georgia," The Christian Science Monitor (June 10, 1994).

Smith, Phillip, "MegaOil's Greasy Trail," CovertAction (Spring 1994).

Smith, R. Jeffrey, "Soviets Remove Some Nuclear Arms From Areas Marked by Ethnic Strife," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (June 23, 1990).

Smolowe, Jill, "The Killing Zone: Faced with ethnic savagery, Moscow moves in to crush the militants," Time (Jan 29, 1990).

Sneider, Daniel, "A Cold Isolation Grips Armenians," The Christian Science Monitor (Feb 16, 1993).

Sneider, Daniel, "A Cold Isolation Grips Armenians," Christian Science Monitor (Feb 18, 1993).

Sneider, Daniel, "A US-Turkish-Russian Plan May Halt Karabagh Fighting," Christian Science Monitor (May 13, 1993).

Sneider, Daniel, "Afghan Fighters Join Azeri-Armenian War," The Christian Science Monitor (Nov 16, 1993).

Sneider, Daniel, "Call To Avert A Second Yugoslavia," The Christian Science Monitor (Feb 18, 1993).

Sneider, Daniel, "Call to Avert a Second Yugoslavia," The Christian Science Monitor (Feb 18, 1993).

Sneider, Daniel, "Call to Avert a Second Yugoslavia," Christian Science Monitor (Feb 18, 1993).

Sneider, Daniel, "Caucasus War Worries Region: As Armenia-Azerbaijan peace efforts fail, Turkey and Iran warn of entering the conflict," Christian Science Monitor (Apr 16, 1993).

Sneider, Daniel, "Critics Wary of Russian Army's Role in Republics," Christian Science Monitor (Oct 2, 1992).

Sneider, Daniel, "Karabakh Clashes Reach Armenian Border," Christian Science Monitor (Mar ??, 1992).

Sneider, Daniel, "Russia Vies to Halt Lengthy Karabakh War," Christian Science Monitor (Nov 19, 1993).

Sneider, Daniel, "Russian Bear Roams In Battered Tajikistan," The Christian Science Monitor (May 12, 1994).

Sneider, Daniel, "Russian's Blistering Verbal Attack On Armenia," The Christian Science Monitor (Nov 23, 1993).

Sneider, Daniel, "The Dilemma of the Armenian Victors," Christian Science Monitor (Dec 6, 1993).

Sneider, Daniel, "Warming Azeri-Turkish Relations Post Challenge to Russia and Iran," Christian Science Monitor (June 12, 1992).

Snieder, Daniel, "A Cold Isolation Grips Armenians," The Christian Science Monitor (Feb 16, 1993).

Snieder, Daniel, "Snows Fall, Prices Rise in Armenia With food and fuel stocks whittled by five-year war, a new currency adds to hardships," The Christian Science Monitor (Nov 23, 1993).

Sowell, Thomas, "Racial, Ethnic Problems in U.S.S.R.," Manchester Union Leader (Mar 9, 1988).

Special Correspondent, "Caspian cauldron," The Economist (June 13, 1992).

Specter, Michael, "Armenians Suffer Painfully in War, But With Pride and Determination," New York Times National (July 15, 1994).

Specter, Michael, "Armenians Suffer Painfully in War, But With Pride and Determination," New York Times National (Jul 15, 1995).

Specter, Michael, "Azerbaijan, Potentially Rich, Is Impoverished by Warfare," New York Times National (June 2, 1994).

Staphanian, Juliette, "Eyewitness in Armenia," Washington Post Washington, D.C. (Oct 30, 1988).

Steinberg, Jim, "Karabagh," Fresno Bee (Apr 19, 1988).

Sternthal, Suzanne, "A feel for the past and a look toward freedom," Insight (Feb 26, 1990).

Steward, Deborah G., "Cease-fire called on 1 front: Baltic states make peace move in Azerbaijan," Free Press Detroit (Jan 26,1990).

Strasser, Steven, "Armenians: 'We are not slaves of Moscow'," Newsweek (Mar 7, 1988).

Strobel, Warren, "Kissinger: Soviet Chief Faces Even Odds," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (Jan 29, 1990).

Suny, Ronald Grigor, "Karabagh," Armenian Mirror-Spectator (Nov 14, 1988).

Suny, Ronald Grigor, "Karabakh: A Soluble Problem," Graduate Training and Research Program on the Contemporary Caucasus Vol. 1, No. 1 (Winter 1995).

Suny, Ronald Grigor, "Nationalism and Democracy in Gorbachev's Soviet Union: The Case of Karabagh," Michigan Quarterly Review Ann Arbor, MI (Fall 1989).

Suny, Ronald Grigor, "Roots of a conflict: How the struggle over Karabagh began," AIM: Armenian International Magazine (July 1990).

Susan Cornwell, "Soviets crack down on unrest in Azerbaijani," Detroit News (Nov 26, 1988).

Svazian, G., "Artsakh in Historical Sources," Lraber Yerevan, #11 (1989).

Svazian, H., "Aghvank and the Mihranian Line," Lraber Yerevan, #9 (1980).

Sychov, Aleksandr, "Turkey Buys Weapons from Moscow: But Doesn't Share Russian Views on Situation in 'Trouble Spots.'," The Current Digest of the Post-Soviet Press (June 9, 1993).

Tagliabue, John, "Gorbachev: Kremlin neglected republucs," Free Press Detroit (Mar 15, 1988).

Tass, "Armenian militants fired on a bus in an Azerbaijani village with machine guns and grenade launchers.," Free Press Detroit (Aug 21, 1990).

Tass, "Increased tensions reported in and around Karabagh; Scores killed," Armenian Reporter (Dec 20, 1990).

Taubman, Philip, "Gorbachev calls ethnic strif dangerous," New York Times National (Nov 28, 1988).

Taubman, Philip, "Karabagh," New York Times (Mar 3, 1988).

Taubman, Philip, "Karabagh," New York Times (May 19, 1988).

Taubman, Philip, "Karabagh," New York Times (Feb 26, 1988).

Taubman, Philip, "Karabagh," New York Times (Mar 6, 1988).

Taubman, Philip, "Karabagh," New York Times (Feb 25, 1988).

Taubman, Philip, "Karabagh," New York Times (Feb 24, 1988).

Taubman, Philip, "Karabagh," New York Times (Feb 28, 1988).

Taubman, Philip, "Karabagh," New York Times (Feb 27, 1988).

Taubman, Philip, "Protest Leaders Agree to Suspend Armenian Issue," Christian Science Monitor (Feb 28, 1988).

Taubman, Philip, "Soviet Trying to Quell Ethnic Unrest," New York Times New York (Feb 25, 1988).

Taubman, Philp, "Grass-roots politics in Estonia is defying Moscow dominance," New York Times National (Jul 21, 1988).

Ter Levondyan, A. (Ghevondian), "Notes sur le Sake-Kambecan (Ier-XIVe s.)," Revue des Etudes Armeniennes Paris, Vol. XXI (1988-1989).

Ter-Taulian, Anush, "Artsakhi erekhanere [The Children 0f Artsakh]," Erkir Yerevan (1994).

Tett, Gillian, "'Undeclared war' threat to Azerbaijani independence," Financial Times (Dec 28, 1991).

The International Committee of the Red Cross, "Nagorno-Karabagh toll rises," Financial Times (May 4, 1994).

Thierry, J.M., "Dadivank en Arc'ax," Revue des Etudes Armeniennes Paris, Vol. XVI (1982).

Tittsworth, Jim, "Gorbachev's enemies might be fomenting unrest, expert says," Detroit News Detroit (Feb 26, 1988).

Toumanoff, Cyril, "Aransahikides ou Haykides? Derniers rois de Siounie," Handes Amsorya Vienna (1976).

Tramier, Sylviane, "Armenia Chokes Economically," Le Devoir (Dec 19, 1993).

Tramier, Sylviane, "L'Armenie etuffe economiquement," Le Devoir (Dec 19, 1993).

Trent, Kimberly, "Local groups seeking aid for Azerbaijan Armenians," Detroit News Detroit (Jan 21,1990).

Tretyakov, Vitaly, "Nagorno Karabakh: There must be no losers," Moscow News (Aug 7-14, 1988).

Tucker, Elizabeth, "Republic of Chaos," Newsweek (Sept 3, 1990).

Tucker, Neely, "At the Crossroads, a volatile land: Even though it's winning a war, Armenia suffers hardchips as embargoes shut off vital supplies; some refugees find a surreal home in a theater," Free Press Detroit (Apr 16, 1995).

Tucker, Neely, "Stalin's plan for conflict still causes division," Free Press Detroit (Apr 16, 1995).

Uhlig, Mark A, "Exiled Armenian Describes Dispute as Political, Not Ethnic," New York Times National (Aug 14 1988).

Uhlig, Mark A., "The Endless War," New York Times National (Oct 27, 1993).

Ulubabian, B., "Concerning the Administrative and Political Situation in Northeast Armenia before the Marzpanate," Banber Erevani Hamalsarani Yerevan, #2 (1975).

UPI, "Armenians begin independence drive," The Record (Nov 6, 1989).

UPI, "Armenians begin independence drive," The Record (Nov 6,1989).

UPI, "Armenians on strike, Soviets admit," Free Press Detroit (Mar 28, 1988).

UPI, "Gorbachev: No Islamic state for Azerbaijan," Detroit News Detroit (Jan 19,1990).

UPI and AP, "Soviet troops battle Armenians," Detroit News Detroit (Aug 24, 1990).

UPI and AP, "Soviets reject annexation plea: Kremlin says mountain region must remain part of Azerbaijan," Detroit News Detroit (July 19, 1988).

UPI and Reuter, "Armenians may face more troops: Kremlin prepares to restore order," Detroit News Detroit (July 20, 1988).

Verluise, Pierre, "Armenia: The Earthquake," Editions Stock Paris, France (1989).

Warren, Marcus, "Armenians Hold Illegal Election," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (May 25, 1990).

Watson, Russell, "Breaking Up the Empire?," Newsweek (Feb 5, 1990).

Watson, Russell, "Cracks in the Soviet Facade: Ethnic protests take advantage of Gorbachev's 'openness' campaign--whether he likes it or not," Newsweek (Mar 14, 1988).

Watson, Russell, "[partial article]," Newsweek (Jan 22, 1990).

Whewell, Tim, "Poetess Silva Kaputikian Speaks Out," Armenian Observer (May 25, 1988).

Whitney, Craig R., "Karabagh," New York Times (Mar 2, 1988).

Whitney, Craig R., "Russia Said To Ask Shift In Caucasus: Western Envoys Say Moscow Seeks to Send More Tanks to Region of Civil War," New York Times National (Oct 7, 1993).

Whitney, Craig R., "Sakharov Took up Enclave's Status," New York Times New York (Jan 10, 1989).

Whitney, Craig R., "When empires fall, not everyone ends up with a state of his own," New York Times National (Apr 14, 1991).

Wiegand, David, "Armenian Nationalists test new Soviet policy," Watertown Press Watertown, MA (June 30, 1988).

Williams, Carol J., "Soviets throttle Armenian protest," Free Press Detroit (Mar 26, 1988).

Witt, Howard, "Cause, not cold, spurs Armenia Hardships ignored for dream of uniting with enclave," New York Times National (Nov 16, 1993).

Wolf, Charles Jr., "Drawing a line from Tiananmen to Baku," Washington Times Washington, D.C. (Mar 23, 1990).

Worrall, Nick, "Defiant Armenians Take Stand," Christian Science Monitor (Aug 28, 1990).

Yalcin, Aydin, "Events In Azerbaijan From a Historic Perspective," Yeni Forum (Feb 1, 1989).

Yalcin, Aydin, "Events in Azerbaijan from a Historic Perspective," Yeni Forum (Feb 1, 1989).

Yuenger, James, "Airlift is a Lifeline to Armenian Enclave," Chicago Tribune Chicago, IL (Aug 19, 1990).

Yunusov, Arif, "Azerbaijan: Malicious Mapmaking," The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists Vol. 50 (Jan/Feb 1994).

Yurchenko, Boris, "A crowd of Armenians and Russians who fled violence in the Azerbaijani capital of Baku register Thursday for relief at an emergency center in Moscow," Free Press Detroit (Jan 26,1990).

Yuzbashian, K., "Review of Mountainous Karabagh: Historical Handbook," Lraber Yerevan, #10 (1989).

Zaman, Amberin, "Azerbaijan crisis dashes hopes for Turkic Commonwealth. Turks are demanding action to restore a key ally to power.," The Daily Telegraph (June 21, 1993).

[H]akopian, A., "A Contribution to the Study of the History of Caucasian Albania," Patma-Banasirakan Handes [Review of History and Philology] Yerevan, No. 3 (1987).

[H]arutiunian, B., "When Scientific Honesty Is in Default," Lraber Yerevan, #7 (1987).

[Papazian, Dennis R.], "Anti-Armenian Propaganda Mailed From Ankara to U.S. Institutions," Armenian Weekly (July 16, 1992).

[Papazian, Dennis R.], "Azerbaijan Cultural Assoc. Mails Propaganda," Armenian Weekly (July 25, 1992).